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Live auction - bgr_529350 - SYRIA - COELE-SYRIA - CHALKIS UNDER MOUNT LIBANUS Unité

SYRIA - COELE-SYRIA - CHALKIS UNDER MOUNT LIBANUS Unité AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/06/04 14:00:00
bgr_529350
1032
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Type : Unité
Date: an 2
Mint name / Town : Chalcis sous le mont Liban,Syrie, Coele-Syrie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,88 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire de qualité exceptionnelle pour ce type de monnayage sur un flan parfaitement centré des deux côtés. Belle tête de Zeus. Revers de haut relief. Magnifique patine vert olive
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée et barbue de Zeus à droite.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Les Dioscures (Castor et Pollux) debout de face, vêtus militairement, tenant chacun une javeline longue.
Reverse legend : PTOLEMAI[OU]/ TETRARC/ ARC(IE)R/ BL.
Reverse translation : (Ptolémée tétrarqueExempl grand prêtre/ an 2).

Commentary


Poids léger. Dénomination B. Seule année de frappe.

Historical background


SYRIA - Coelesyria - Chalcis SUB MOUNT LEBANON

(First century BC.)

The city was founded by the Seleucid king Remember Chacis Euboea. But its foundation remains a mystery. The city may have been founded by Menaios a Ituraéen. Ptolemy (84-40 BC) succeeded Menaios and took Baalbeck (Heliopolis) and became the high priest. It created a principality and was a turbulent neighbor. He opposed last Seleucid rulers of Damascus (Antichus XII). After the conquest of Syria, Pompey appointed Tetrarch. Lysanias his son succeeded him in 40 BC, but was executed four years later for supporting Matthias Antigone. The territory was then offered to Cleopatra VII of Egypt who offered the management Zénodoros. After Actium, it was first held by Octave before being deposited in favor of Herod the Great in 23 BC Zénodoros died three years later as he prepared to return to power.

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