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bga_855508 - PICTONES (Area of Poitiers) Statère d’électrum à la tête casquée, droit et revers à gauche

PICTONES (Area of Poitiers) Statère d’électrum à la tête casquée, droit et revers à gauche XF/AU
3 000.00 €(Approx. 3240.00$ | 2580.00£)
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Type : Statère d’électrum à la tête casquée, droit et revers à gauche
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Poitiers (86)
Metal : electrum
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 6,55 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Joli monnaie sur un flan épais et centré. Au droit, une belle tête malgré l’usure, qui demeure régulière. De beaux détails au revers. Patine de collection
Predigree :
Avec son certificat d’exportation n° 240502 délivré par le Ministère français de la Culture

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête (d’Ogmius) à gauche, la chevelure en grosses mèches, d’où partent des cordons perlés.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Aurige tenant une couronne dirigeant à gauche un cheval androcéphale ; dessous, une petite tête casquée à gauche.

Commentary


Ce type de statère bien précis appartient au groupe B “profil de style dit aquitanique”, mais au type IV “profil à gauche, au différent de la petite tête”. Ce type est très rare. Aucun exemplaire au différent de la petite tête ne figurait dans le trésor d’Ouzilly.

Historical background


PICTONES (Area of Poitiers)

(2nd - 1st century BC)

The Pictons were a people of the Celtic settled in the current Poitou to whom they gave their name. Their capital was Lemonum (origin: lemo or limo = elm), at the confluence of the Clain and the Boivre, on a fortified oppidum, today Poitiers. They were a people who had good sailors. Their name comes from the fact that they painted their faces, Pictavi, name given by Caesar. He enlisted five thousand Pictons as auxiliaries in 56 BC. -VS. , in order to build boats for his campaign against the Veneti. This fleet was also used for the Brittany expedition in 55 BC.. -VS. In 52 BC. -VS. , they provided eight thousand men to the relief army to go and deliver Alesia, besieged by Caesar. Among the Picton chiefs mentioned several times, we find Atectorix and Duratios. Atectorix seems to have been a Gallic chief or notable who was to create an "ala I Gallorum Atectorigiana" at the end of Caesar's stay in Gaul (50 BC).. -VS. ) or just after leaving for Italy. The troop thus created constituted a unit of auxiliaries, soldiers who served in the Roman armies but were not integrated into the legions.. As for Duratios, a Gallic chief, he was one of the kings of the Pictons. Faithful ally of the Romans, he was besieged in 51 BC. -VS. by Dumnacus, Chief of the Andes, in Lemonum (Poitiers). He was delivered by Caius Fabius. Later, Caesar gave him the right of Roman citizenship. It is mentioned by Hirtius. Caesar (BG. III, 11; VII, 4 and 75; VIII, 26 and 27). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 1). Kruta: 68, 365-366.

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