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bga_539109 - PICTONES (Area of Poitiers) Quart de statère d’électrum à la main

PICTONES (Area of Poitiers) Quart de statère d’électrum à la main XF
400.00 €(Approx. 480.00$ | 348.00£)
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Type : Quart de statère d’électrum à la main
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Poitiers (86)
Metal : electrum
Diameter : 12,5 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 1,56 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire à l’usure régulière avec un beau droit. Patine de collection ancienne
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la collection C.N., acquis en 2007

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête (d’Ogmius) à droite, le nez droit, la chevelure en grosses mèches, d’où partent des cordons perlés.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Aurige tenant une couronne dirigeant à droite un cheval androcéphale casqué ; dessous, une main sur un joug.

Commentary


Ces quarts sont excessivement rares et manquent à tous les musées consultés ; 7 et 40 exemplaires sont pourtant répertoriés dans le Moneta sous les séries 73 et 76 qui doivent effectivement être fusionnées ! Ces chiffres doivent être pris avec beaucoup de modération, tout ce qui a une main sous un cheval semble y avoir été regroupé... cf. par exemple les drachmes n° 610 du musée de Lyon ou Zurich 179....

Historical background


Pictones (Region of Poitiers)

(Second - first century BC)

Pictones were a people of the Celtic installed in the current Poitou who gave his name. Their capital was Lemonum (origin: lemo or limo = elm), at the confluence of Clain and Boivre on a fortified oppidum today Poitiers. It was a people who were good sailors. Their name comes from the fact that they painted their faces, Pictavi name given by Caesar. It enlisted five miles Pictones as auxiliaries in 56 J. C-. To build boats for his campaign against the Veneti. This fleet also used for shipping in Britain before 55 J. C-. In 52 J. C-. , They provided eight thousand men to the army to rescue to rescue Alesia Besieged by Julius Caesar. Among the leaders Pictones mentioned several times, we find Atectorix and Duratios. Atectorix seems to have been a Gaulish chief or which would create a significant "ala I Gallorum Atectorigiana" at the end of the stay of Caesar in Gaul (50 J before. C-. ) Or just after his departure for Italy. The company was created as an auxiliary unit, soldiers who served in the Roman army but were not included in the legions. About Duratios, Gallic chieftain, he was one of the kings of Pictones. Faithful ally of the Romans, he was besieged in 51 before J. C-. by Dumnacus, head of the Andes, in Lemonum (Poitiers). It was issued by Caius Fabius. Later, Caesar gave him the right of Roman citizenship. It is mentioned by Hirtius. Caesar (BG. III, 11; VII, 4 and 75; VIII, 26 and 27). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 1). Kruta: 68, 365-366.

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