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Live auction - bgr_544174 - EGYPT - NECTANEBO II Unité

EGYPT - NECTANEBO II Unité AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/09/10 14:00:00
bgr_544174
1034
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Type : Unité
Date: c. 361-343 AC.
Mint name / Town : Atelier incertain
Metal : copper
Diameter : 16 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 3,85 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire de qualité exceptionnelle pour ce type monétaire, légèrement décentré au revers avec les grènetis visibles. Très joli droit. Revers de haut relief. Patine marron foncé

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Bélier courant à gauche, tournant la tête à droite ; grènetis circulaire.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Balance ; grènetis circulaire.

Commentary


Ce type est de la plus grande rareté. Manque à la plupart des grandes collections et des ouvrages de référence.

Historical background


EGYPT - Nectanebo II

(361-343 BC)

Nekht-her-hebet or Nectanebo II for the Greeks is the last independent ruler of Pharaonic Egypt belonging to the XXX dynasty. Nectanebo II succeeded Teos, the son of Nectanebo I. With the support of Agesilaus, king of Sparta, Nectanebo was proclaimed king at the instigation of Tjahépimou, Teos brother and father of the new pharaoh. The new monarch is facing a revolt of the nome of Mendes, faovorable sovereign of the XXIX dynasty. Nectanébo ii overcomes the revolt, but soon the new Achaemenid king Artaxerxes III Ochos, from 351 BC began a first campaign before reconquer Egypt in 344-343 BC with an army of 300,000 men and 300 galleys. The Persian monarch invaded the delta and manages to Memphis that Nectanebo II must evacuate. He finds refuge in Upper Egypt where he reigned until 343 BC.

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