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Live auction - bfe_891892 - AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD III OF ENGLAND Léopard d'or

AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD III OF ENGLAND Léopard d or AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2024/03/05 14:00:00
bfe_891892
1070
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Type : Léopard d'or
Date: 07/1356
Mint name / Town : Bordeaux
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 972 ‰
Diameter : 28 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 3,89 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Ce léopard d’or est frappé sur un flan large, légèrement irrégulier et très légèrement voilé avec un petit éclatement à 6 heures au droit. D’infimes taches sur les deux faces
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Monnaie provenant de la collection du docteur Raoul Doranlo (1875-1958), ancien président de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie, vendue avec sa pochette n° 158, écrite à la plume

Obverse


Obverse legend : + EDWARDVSX DEIX GRAX AHGLIEX FRANCIEX REX, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Obverse description : Léopard couronné, à grande couronne, la tête de face passant à gauche, la patte droite levée, la queue relevée dans un polylobe, cantonné quatrefeuilles.

Reverse


Reverse legend : + XPCX VINCITX XPCX REGNATX XPCX IIIPERAT, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Reverse description : Croix fleuronnée, cantonnée de quatre léopards passant couronnés, dans un polylobe anglé, accosté de huit quadrilobes évidés.
Reverse translation : (Le Christ vainc, le Christ règne, le Christ commande).

Historical background


AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD III OF ENGLAND

(1317-1362)

Edward (1312-1377), eldest son of Edward II and Isabella of France, follows his mother when she rebels against her husband. When Edward II is overthrown, Edward III, who had already been Duke of Aquitaine since 1317, becomes King of England. He marries Philippa de Hainaut (+1369), the daughter of the count of Hainaut, Guillaume. After the death of Charles IV le Bel, his cousin, he paid homage to Philippe VI de Valois for Aquitaine. In 1330, in England, he executed Mortimer, his minister and his mother's lover. He forces his mother to retire (+1358). Pushed by his cousin Robert d'Artois, he broke the homage for Aquitaine. The Hundred Years' War began in 1337. The French were beaten at Écluse in 1340, then at Crécy in 1346. He took Calais after a long siege (the famous bourgeois). England was hit by the Great Plague in 1348. After the death of Philip VI, he continued the fight against John II, defeated him at Poitiers and took him prisoner. Edward, the Black Prince, became Prince of Aquitaine in 1362.

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