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Live auction - bfe_497856 - AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD III OF ENGLAND Léopard d'or

AQUITAINE - DUCHY OF AQUITAINE - EDWARD III OF ENGLAND Léopard d or AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 12 000 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 11 September 2018 16:46:53
Type : Léopard d'or
Date: 07/1356
Mint name / Town : Bordeaux
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 972 ‰
Diameter : 28 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 3,89 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Ce léopard d’or est frappé sur un flan large et légèrement irrégulier. Reliefs nets sur les deux faces. Monnaie semblant présenter un trou rebouché à 6 heures au droit se retrouvant
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : + EDWARDVSX DEIX GRA[X] AHGLIEX FRANCIEX REX, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Obverse description : Léopard couronné, à grande couronne, la tête de face passant à gauche, la patte droite levée, la queue relevée dans un polylobe, cantonné quatrefeuilles.

Reverse


Reverse legend : + XPCX VINCITX XPCX REGNATX XPCX IMPERAT, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Reverse description : Croix fleuronnée, cantonnée de quatre léopards passant couronnés, dans un polylobe anglé, accosté de huit quadrilobes évidés.
Reverse translation : (Le Christ vainc, le Christ règne, le Christ commande).

Historical background


AQUITAINE - duchy of Aquitaine - Edward III of England

(1317-1362)

Edward (1312-1377), eldest son of Edward II and Isabella of France son follows his mother when she joined in rebellion against her husband. When Edward II was overthrown, Edward III, who was already Duke of Aquitaine since 1317, became King of England. He married Philippa of Hainault (1369), the daughter of Count of Hainaut, William. After the death of Charles IV the Fair, his cousin, he paid homage to Philip VI of Valois Aquitaine. In 1330, in England, he runs Mortimer, his minister and his mother's lover. He forces his mother to withdraw (1358). Driven by his cousin Robert d'Artois, he breaks homage for Aquitaine. The Hundred Years' War began in 1337. The French were defeated at Sluys in 1340, and at Crecy in 1346. It takes Calais after a long siege (the famous bourgeois). England is affected by the Great Plague in 1348. After the death of Philip VI, he continues the fight against John II, the beats at Poitiers and taken prisoner. Edward, the Black Prince, became prince of Aquitaine in 1362.

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