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bga_663916 - GALLIA - RHONE VALLEY Denier au cavalier DVRNACOS / AVSCRO

200.00 €(Approx. 218.00$ | 166.00£)
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Type : Denier au cavalier DVRNACOS / AVSCRO
Date: c. 75 AC.
Metal : silver
Diameter : 14,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 1,95 g.
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire de la collection Aymé Cornu


Obverse legend : [DVRNACOS].
Obverse description : Tête casquée de Rome à droite.


Reverse legend : AVSCRO.
Reverse description : Cavalier galopant à droite, le manteau flottant sur l'épaule, tenant une lance de la main droite.

Historical background


(First century BC)

The coinage of the Rhone Valley poses many geographic allocation problems, and he was given a long Voconces that were installed between the Durance and the Isere, between Cavares and Savoyards. Their capital was Vasio (Vaison-la-Romaine). Very important road junction between Italy and Gaul, one of the ways possible to reach Susa by Mont Genèvre. In fact, this set of currencies rider is now reallocated to Savoyards, people whose territory covers the largest part of Savoy and Dauphiné. Surrounded by Séquanes the Ambarres and Helvetii north and east by the Voconces south and Ségusiaves Helviens and west on the right bank of the Rhone, it was one of the most peoples powerful Gaul. They controlled the river traffic on the Rhone at the entrance of Lake Geneva, Geneva (Genua) in front of the Helvetii and Vienna (Vienna), their oppidum. Long settled in Savoy and Dauphiné, seems foreign origin based on their name and it is possible they settled in Gaul in the fourth or third century before J. C-. It is part of their territory Hannibal tried to cross the Alps in 218 J. C-. Nevertheless Savoyards attempted to oppose its passage. At the end of the second century BCE, they joined the coalition formed by the Arverni to oppose the progress of the Romans in the Rhone Valley. Allies Bituitus (Bituitos), king of the Arverni, they were defeated in 121 before J. C-. Gnaeus Domitius and by land was aggregated to the new province of Narbonne. The Cimbri and Teutons devastated part of their territory at the end of the first century before J. C-. They called the Romans to the rescue. Then it was the turn of the Helvetii in 58 J. C-. when the latter tried to cross their territory to reach Saintes. In 61 before J. C-. The Savoyards rebelled against the Roman ferrule and mismanagement of a procurator. The revolt was crushed the next year. The Savoyards did not participate in the campaign before 52 J. C-. and remained faithful to the Romans although they received secret embassies and alliance offers from Vercingetorix. Sources: Polybius (H. III, 49-51), Caesar (BG. I, 6, 10, 11, 14, 28 and 44, III, 1 and 6, VII, 64 and 65), Livy (HR. XXI, 31), Strabo (G. IV, 1). Pliny (HN. II, 150, III, 34, 37 and 124; VII, 78; XIV, 83, XXIX, 54). Kruta (63, 71, 290, 300-302, 308-310, 338, 404, 853, 860 and 864).

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