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brm_914554 - VALERIAN I Antoninien

75.00 €(Approx. 80.25$ | 63.00£)
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Type : Antoninien
Date: 01/01/257-09/12/257
Mint name / Town : Antioche
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 300 ‰
Diameter : 20,5 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 3,55 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie sur un flan idéalement centré des deux côtés. Très beau buste de Valérien Ier, finement détaillé. Patine grise


Obverse legend : IMP VALERIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Valérien Ier à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Valerianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Valérien auguste).


Reverse legend : P M TR P V COS IIII P P.
Reverse description : Valérien Ier et Gallien, laurés, debout, en habit militaire, face à face entre deux boucliers sur lesquels deux hastes verticales sont posées ; celui de gauche, debout à droite, pose sa main droite sur le bouclier de gauche ; celui de droite, debout à gauche, pose sa main droite sur le bouclier de droite.
Reverse translation : “Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestate quintum Consul quartum Pater Patriæ”, (Grand pontife, revêtu de la cinquième puissance tribunitienne consul pour la quatrième fois, père de la patrie).

Historical background



Valérien was born in 193 and led a brilliant political and military career. Main collaborator of Trajan Decius, he was proclaimed august in 253. He got rid in turn of Trebonian Galle and Volusian, then Emilian, and immediately associated his son Gallien to the throne. In 256, a Gothic invasion threatened the Black Sea provinces. Shapur (Sapor), Sassanid king, arrives in front of Antioch the following year. Valerian I began the great persecution against Christians in 258. In 259, the Empire, already weakened, was invaded on the Rhine-Danubian limes and in the East. Chapour (Sapor) seizes Antioch. Valérien goes to meet him, but is beaten and taken prisoner. Chapour (Sapor) will use the deposed emperor as a stepping stone before having him flayed alive. Christians see it as the chastisement of God punishing persecution, which Gallien hastened to stop.

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