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brm_303209 - VALERIAN I Antoninien

VALERIAN I Antoninien AU/XF
75.00 €(Approx. 90.75$ | 66.00£)
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Type : Antoninien
Date: 253-254
Mint name / Town : Antioche
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 250 ‰
Diameter : 22 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,90 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 3e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et ovale, bien centré. Très beau portrait de Valérien Ier. Frappe un peu molle au revers. Patine grise
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant du trésor de Rocquencourt, publié dans “trésors monétaires VIII”, 1986

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Valérien Ier à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Publius Licinius Valérien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : FORT[VN]A REDVX.
Reverse description : Mercure nu debout à gauche, le manteau sur l’épaule, tenant une bourse de la main droite et un caducée de la main gauche ; Mercure est surmonté d’un croissant orné d’une étoile.
Reverse translation : “Fortuna Redux”, (Le retour de la Fortune).

Commentary


Poids lourd. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Ptéryges invisibles sous le paludamentum.

Historical background


I VALÉRIEN

(07/253-06/260) Publius Licinius Valerianus

Valerian was born in 193 and had a distinguished military and political career. Main contributor of Trajan Decius, he was proclaimed in august 253. It gets rid of turn Trebonianus Galle and Volusien and Emilien and immediately associated his son Gallienus to the throne. 256, a Gothic invasion threatens the provinces of the Black Sea. Shapur (Sapor), Sassanian king arrives at Antioch the following year. Valerian I began the great persecution against Christians in 258. In 259, the Empire, already weakened, is invaded on the Rhine-Danube limes and East, Shapur (Sapor) seizes Antioch. Valerian to meet him, but was defeated and taken prisoner. Shapur (Sapor) will use the fallen emperor as a step before doing live skinning. Christians see it as God's punishment for the persecution Gallien hastens to stop.

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