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brm_914529 - VALERIAN I Antoninien

VALERIAN I Antoninien AU/XF
75.00 €(Approx. 80.25$ | 63.00£)
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Type : Antoninien
Date: 256
Mint name / Town : Antioche
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 250 ‰
Diameter : 23 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 2,52 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Flan mince, ovale, centré. Très beau buste, bien venu à la frappe. Revers à l’usure régulière. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP VALERIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Valérien Ier à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Valerianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Valérien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : FELICITAS AVGG.
Reverse description : Felicitas (la Félicité) drapée debout à gauche, tenant un caducée long de la main droite et une corne d’abondance de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Felicitas Augustorum”, (La Félicité des augustes).

Commentary


Revers tout à fait inhabituel.

Historical background


VALERIAN I

(07/253-06/260)

Valérien was born in 193 and led a brilliant political and military career. Main collaborator of Trajan Decius, he was proclaimed august in 253. He got rid in turn of Trebonian Galle and Volusian, then Emilian, and immediately associated his son Gallien to the throne. In 256, a Gothic invasion threatened the Black Sea provinces. Shapur (Sapor), Sassanid king, arrives in front of Antioch the following year. Valerian I began the great persecution against Christians in 258. In 259, the Empire, already weakened, was invaded on the Rhine-Danubian limes and in the East. Chapour (Sapor) seizes Antioch. Valérien goes to meet him, but is beaten and taken prisoner. Chapour (Sapor) will use the deposed emperor as a stepping stone before having him flayed alive. Christians see it as the chastisement of God punishing persecution, which Gallien hastened to stop.

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