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E-auction 457-369300 - fmd_701681 - Un centime Dupré, 7 normal 1799 Paris F.100/13

Un centime Dupré, 7 normal 1799 Paris F.100/13 XF45
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 35 €
Price : 27 €
Maximum bid : 31 €
End of the sale : 17 January 2022 15:29:30
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Un centime Dupré, 7 normal
Date: An 7 (1798-1799)
Mint name / Town : Paris
Quantity minted : ---
Metal : copper
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 1,82 g.
Edge : lisse
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE.
Obverse description : Tête de la République aux cheveux longs à gauche, coiffée d'un bonnet phrygien ; au-dessous Dupré en cursif encadré de points ; grènetis circulaire formé de points.

Reverse


Reverse legend : UN / CENTIME.
Reverse description : Légende en deux lignes dans le champ, au-dessus de L'AN 7, suivi d'un point, la lettre d'atelier A sous le millésime ; grènetis circulaire formé de points.

Commentary


Il existe, pour les centimes de l’an 7, trois tailles différentes de millésime : grand 7, 7 normal et petit 7.
7 normal. Exemplaire avec 53 perles au droit et 50 perles au revers.
Autant l’on retrouve facilement des centimes de la Deuxième République en états supérieurs, autant ceux de la Première sont introuvables avec le rouge d’origine correctement préservé. L’explication est simple : entre l’An 8 (1799) et 1848, il n’y a pas de frappe de centimes. Ceux de la Première République ont donc circulé un demi siècle sans concurrence.

Historical background


EXECUTIVE

(26/10/1795-9-10/11/1799)

Upon separation of the Convention, 25 October 1795, a new executive power under the constitution Thermidor is taking place. This constitution provides entrust power to a directory of five members, each of which governs turn with replacement of a member every two years. The Executive Board shall appoint ministers and officials, directs foreign policy and enforces the laws but he did not elaborate and has no control of public funds. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the legislative body. This authority is committed to maintaining face the risk of a monarchical restoration or Jacobin reaction, but it is mostly paralyzed by the financial crisis and must renounce the scrip in 1796. Replacement of assignats by territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiat currency is deleted in 1797. Faced with poverty and destabilization attempts, the Executive Board, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returns to the revolutionary and policing. Moreover, since 1792, the war is continuous and the influence of military leaders is growing. In 1799, supporters of a strong power, which Sieyes, are at the Board and they open the way to power Bonaparte returned from Egypt. The State shot 18 and 19 Brumaire Year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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