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fme_466465 - III REPUBLIC Médaille PATRIA, récompense, Escrime

III REPUBLIC Médaille PATRIA, récompense, Escrime XF
50.00 €(Approx. 59.50$ | 42.50£)
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Type : Médaille PATRIA, récompense, Escrime
Date: 1906
Mint name / Town : France
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 42 mm
Engraver Félix Rasumny (1870 -)
Weight : 31,59 g.
Edge : Lisse + BRONZE + poinçon carré
Coments on the condition:
Médaille de style Art Nouveau. Usure sur les points hauts. Incrustations au revers

Obverse


Obverse legend : PATRIA.
Obverse description : Marianne cuirassée casquée à droite devant un soleil levant, un petit ange portant un flambeau sur son casque, signée Rasumny à droite.

Reverse


Reverse legend : BORDIER, DANS LE CARTOUCHE ; STE CX / 1906 / - / ESCRIME.
Reverse description : dans un cartouche posé sur des cuirs.

Commentary


Félix Rasumny, né le 20 avril 1869 à Sébastopol, et mort à Paris en 1940, est un sculpteur, médailleur et bijoutier russe naturalisé français.
Représentant de l'Art nouveau, il est l'élève d'Aimé Millet, Camille Gauthier et Paulin Tasset. Sociétaire des artistes français depuis 1907, il figure au Salon de ce groupement depuis 1889. Il devient membre de la Société nationale des beaux-arts en 1911. Félix Rasumny obtient une mention honorable en 1891, et une médaille d'argent à l'Exposition universelle de 1911. Il est nommé chevalier de la Légion d'honneur en 1933..

Historical background


THIRD REPUBLIC

(4/09/1870-10/07/1940)

The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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