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fme_587174 - III REPUBLIC Médaille parlementaire, XVIe législature, Pierre Béranger

III REPUBLIC Médaille parlementaire, XVIe législature, Pierre Béranger XF
200.00 €(Approx. 238.00$ | 172.00£)
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Type : Médaille parlementaire, XVIe législature, Pierre Béranger
Date: 1936
Mint name / Town : 27 - Eure
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 850 ‰
Diameter : 49,5 mm
Engraver Émile MONNIER
Weight : 66,26 g.
Edge : lisse + corne d’abondance 2ARGENT
Puncheon : Corne 2 ARGENT
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire ayant été nettoyé et présentant plusieurs coups et rayures, en particulier sur le visage de la République

Obverse


Obverse legend : REPUBLIQVE - FRANÇAISE.
Obverse description : Tête de la République à droite portant un bonnet ; au-dessous .EMILE MONIER. 1936..

Reverse


Reverse legend : .CHAMBRE - DES DEPVTES. // LIBERTE. EGALITE. FRATERNITE.
Reverse description : Lion couché à droite reposant sur un cartouche ; au-dessous 1936, en arrière-plan la façade de l’Assemblée nationale (Palais Bourbon) et la signature E.M. Sur le cartouche est inscrit en reliefs en deux lignes PIERRE BÉRANGER / EURE.

Commentary


Médaille attribuée en 1936 à Pierre, Vincent, Émile Béranger, député de l’Eure. Il naquit le 26 juin 1888 à Paris et y décéda le 20 mars 1967. Il fut élu député de l’Eure en 1936 sous l’étiquette de l’Alliance démocratique dont il fut vice-président et trésor de 1928 à 1940. L’essentiel de ses travaux parlementaires portèrent sur l’agriculture et l’aviation. Son mandat de député fut prolongé jusqu’au 31 mai 1942 suis à un décret de juillet 1939 touchant tous les députés élus en mai 1936. Le 10 juillet 1940 il vota les pleins pouvoirs au maréchal Pétain, mettant fin à sa carrière politique après la libération. Blessé à quatre reprises pendant la guerre de 1914-1918 dans laquelle il s’était engagé en tant que fantassin puis aviateur, il a été décoré de la Croix de guerre et de la croix d’officier de la Légion d’honneur.

Historical background


THIRD REPUBLIC

(4/09/1870-10/07/1940)

The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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