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fme_585055 - III REPUBLIC Médaille parlementaire, VIIe législature, Georges Ermant

III REPUBLIC Médaille parlementaire, VIIe législature, Georges Ermant AU
280.00 €(Approx. 338.80$ | 240.80£)
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Type : Médaille parlementaire, VIIe législature, Georges Ermant
Date: 1898
Mint name / Town : 02 - Aisne
Metal : silver
Diameter : 50 mm
Engraver Max BOURGEOIS
Weight : 66,58 g.
Edge : lisse + corne d’abondance ARGENT
Puncheon : corne d’abondance ARGENT
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène avec des coups et rayures, entre autre sur la tranche. Petite usure sur certains reliefs. Traces de frottement dans les champs

Obverse


Obverse legend : REPUBLIQUE - FRANÇAISE.
Obverse description : Buste cuirassé et drapé de la République à droite, portant une couronne de laurier sur un bonnet de la liberté ; en bas à droite MAX BOURGEOIS.

Reverse


Reverse legend : CHAMBRE DES DEPUTES - .1898. // SUFFRAGE UNIVERSEL // ERMANT / AISNE.
Reverse description : Urne électorale timbré de l’inscription SUFFRAGE UNIVERSEL, reposant sur un drapeau de la République française et entouré de deux branches de chêne ; Cartouche timbré du nom et du département du récipiendaire ; signé : MB.

Commentary


Médaille attribuée en 1898 à Georges Ermant député de l’Aisne à l’occasion de la VIIe législature. Il naquit le 22 juin 1852 à Laon (Aisne) et décéda le 13 février 1935 dans sa ville natale. Architecte, il fut maire de Laon de 1892 à 1919, conseiller général de 1894 à 1925 et président du Conseil général de l’Aisne de 1919 à 1925. Il fut député de l’Aisne de 1897 à 1904 et sénateur de l’Aisne de 1904 à 1930.

Historical background


THIRD REPUBLIC

(4/09/1870-10/07/1940)

The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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