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fme_584648 - III REPUBLIC Médaille parlementaire, Ferdinand Farjon

III REPUBLIC Médaille parlementaire, Ferdinand Farjon AU
250.00 €(Approx. 302.50$ | 215.00£)
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Type : Médaille parlementaire, Ferdinand Farjon
Date: 1906
Mint name / Town : 62 - Pas-de-Calais
Metal : silver
Diameter : 49,5 mm
Engraver F. VERNON
Weight : 60,90 g.
Edge : lisse + corne d’abondance ARGENT
Puncheon : corne d’abondance ARGENT
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Jolie patine grise claire hétérogène avec quelques marques d’usure. Présence de quelques coups et fines rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : REPUBLIQUE - FRANÇAISE.
Obverse description : Buste de la République à droite, portant une couronne de laurier sur un bonnet de la liberté ; en bas à droite F. VERNON.

Reverse


Reverse legend : CHAMBRE DES DEPUTES - 1906 // FARJON / PAS-DE-CALAIS.
Reverse description : Allégorie de la loi debout à gauche devant l’allégorie du suffrage universel, assise, tendant sa main droite devant un drapeau ; millésime à l’exergue sous la base d’un socle portant l’urne électorale gravé : SUFFRA / UNIVERSE, signé : F. VERNON.

Commentary


Médaille attribuée en 1906 à Ferdinand Farjon, député du Pas-de-Calais. Il naquit le 19 décembre 1841 à Boulogne-sur-Mer, et décéda le 25 mars 1916 dans sa ville natale. Élève de l’école Polytechnique puis de l’école du génie de Metz, il fut conseiller municipal de Boulogne-sur-Mer de 1877 à 1908 puis président de la Chambre de commerce en 1886, conseiller général en 1898 et depuis du Pas-de-Calais de 1906 à 1910. Il appartenait au groupe des Républicains progressistes. Son buste qui ornait le boulevard Gambetta à Boulogne-sur-Mer a été volé dans la nuit du 28 au 29 septembre 2018.

Historical background


THIRD REPUBLIC

(4/09/1870-10/07/1940)

The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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