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fme_518843 - III REPUBLIC Médaille de l’Exposition Universelle

III REPUBLIC Médaille de l’Exposition Universelle AU
140.00 €(Approx. 156.80$ | 120.40£)
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Type : Médaille de l’Exposition Universelle
Date: 1889
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 63 mm
Engraver BOTTÉE Louis-Alexandre (1852-1940)
Weight : 106,3 g.
Edge : lisse + corne BRONZE
Puncheon : corne BRONZE
Coments on the condition:
Marques d’usure et de coups. Patine hétérogène

Obverse


Obverse legend : EXPOSITION - UNIVERSELLE / 1889.
Obverse description : Homme nu assis sur une enclume recevant les lauriers d’une allégorie féminine casquée ; au-dessous,vue de l’Exposition avec la Tour Eiffel. Signé : LOUIS BOTTEE.

Reverse


Reverse legend : RÉPUBLIQUE / FRANÇAISE.
Reverse description : La Renommée ailée et soufflant dans une trompette, prenant pas le bras le buste de Marianne, sous un chêne. Signé : LOUIS BOTTEE.

Commentary


Médaille décernée à l’entreprise Sautter Lemonnier et C.ie. Un exemplaire en or de cette médaille est conservé dans les collections du Musée monétaire cantonal de Lausanne, Suisse.
Au revers, le buste de Marianne est très proche de celui de son autre médaille fme_369938 où la renommée est aussi présente.

Louis-Alexandre Bottée, né le 14 mars 1852 à Paris où il est mort le 14 novembre 1940, est un graveur en médailles français. Il fait son apprentissage dès l'âge de 13 ans dans une fabrique de boutons où il est chargé de la gravure des modèles. Élève à l'École des arts décoratifs, il entre à l'atelier de Paulin Tasset en 1869. Reçu en 1871 à l'École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, il obtient, en 1878, le premier grand Prix de Rome de gravure en médailles. Il est médaille d'or du Salon en 1900. Officier de la Légion d'honneur en 1903. Il est élu membre de l'Académie des beaux-arts en 1930.

Historical background


THIRD REPUBLIC

(4/09/1870-10/07/1940)

The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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