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fme_551532 - III REPUBLIC Médaille commémorative de la bataille de Verdun

III REPUBLIC Médaille commémorative de la bataille de Verdun XF
30.00 €(Approx. 33.00$ | 25.80£)
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Type : Médaille commémorative de la bataille de Verdun
Date: 1916
Mint name / Town : 55 - Verdun
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 29,5 mm
Engraver VERNIER Émile Séraphin (1852-1927)
Weight : 12,35 g.
Edge : lisse + corne BRONZE
Puncheon : corne BRONZE
Coments on the condition:
Léger nettoyage


Obverse legend : ON NE PASSE - PAS .
Obverse description : Allégorie de la ville avec son épée; signé : S. E. / VERNIER / 1917.


Reverse legend : VERDUN // 21 FEVRIER / 1916.
Reverse description : Portes de la ville entre deux palmes.


Émile Séraphin Vernier, né à Paris le 16 octobre 1852, décédé à Paris le 9 septembre 1927, est sculpteur, plaquettiste, ciseleur et graveur-médailleur français.

En août 1915, le Quartier Général français ne reconnaissant plus aucune valeur stratégique aux forts, désarme ceux autour de Verdun et supprime la garnison. L’État-major allemand profite alors de la vulnérabilité de la place, pour mener une offensive. Le 21 février 1916 vers 7 heures, deux millions d'obus s’abattent sur Verdun. Mais contrairement à ce à quoi s'attendaient les Allemands et leur commandant en chef le général Erich von Falkenhayn, l'armée française résiste et campe sur ses positions.
La bataille dure près de 10 mois, faisant 163 000 morts et 216 000 blessés du côté français et 143 000 morts et 196 000 blessés du côté allemand. À l'automne 1916, l'armée française, profitant de l'offensive de la Somme, contre-attaque, reprend les forts perdus et repousse les Allemands. Verdun est sauvée....

Historical background



The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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