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fme_478685 - III REPUBLIC Fonte uniface du Maréchal Foch

III REPUBLIC Fonte uniface du Maréchal Foch AU
200.00 €(Approx. 222.00$ | 172.00£)
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Type : Fonte uniface du Maréchal Foch
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : France
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 117 mm
Engraver MAILLARD Auguste (1864-1944)
Weight : 196 g.
Coments on the condition:
Belle et intéressante médaille avec une agréable patine brune, plus terne au revers
Predigree :
Cette médaille provient de la collection Isaac Tual (né en 1884)


Obverse legend : MARECHAL - FOCH / PARIS-ART 386.
Obverse description : buste du Maréchal de profil tourné vers la gauche; signé : AUGTE / MAILLARD.


Reverse description : Incus.


Médaille signée MAILLARD Auguste / PARIS ART 386.

Auguste Maillard, né à Paris 11e le 15 juin 1864 et mort à Neuilly-sur-Seine le 19 août 1944, est un sculpteur français. Il suit une formation de sculpture à l'École des beaux-arts de Paris dans l'atelier d'Alexandre Falguière. Par la suite, il devient à son tour professeur à l’École des beaux-arts. Il réalise de nombreux monuments commémoratifs pour des villes françaises, des monuments aux morts et des bustes de personnalités.
Il est membre du jury de Miss France 1936.
Il expose au Salon de la Société des artistes français à partir de 1885, au Salon d'Hiver en 1942, 1943 et 1944. Il meurt durant les combats de la Libération en 1944, atteint par une balle perdue alors qu'il était sur le seuil de sa maison de Neuilly-sur-Seine. Il est inhumé au cimetière du Père-Lachaise (62e division)..

Historical background



The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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