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bpv_154335 - TRAJAN DECIUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien

TRAJAN DECIUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien AU
280.00 €(Approx. 341.60$ | 240.80£)
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Type : Tétradrachme syro-phénicien
Date: 249
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie, Séleucie et Piérie
Metal : billon
Diameter : 28 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 13,15 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Léger plat de frappe, très belles surfaces d’origine, argenture encore épaisse, bien centré mais sur un flan oblong
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire, qui provient de la trouvaille de Jordanie 1930, est le 0510_005 de la base TSP. C’est cet exemplaire qui illustre le type dans Coins of Roman Antioche de Richard McAlee

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Trajan Dèce à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2).
Obverse legend : AUTOK K GAI ME KUIN DEKIOS SEB.
Obverse translation : (L’empereur césar Caius Messius Quintus Dèce auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : S C À L’EXERGUE.
Reverse description : Aigle debout à droite sur une palme, les ailes déployées, tête à droite et queue à gauche, tenant une couronne feuillée dans son bec.
Reverse legend : DHMARC EX OUSIAS.
Reverse translation : (Revêtu de la puissance tribunitienne / avec l’accord du Sénat d’Antioche).

Commentary


Dans la base TSP maintenue par Michel Prieur, sept exemplaires sont maintenant répertoriés pour ce type, deux en musées, à Yale et à l’ANS.

Historical background


Trajan Decius

(07/249-06/251) Caius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius

Decius was born in 201 in Lower Pannonia. After a brilliant career that opened the doors of the Senate, he was governor of Lower Moesia under the reign of Alexander Severus. At the end of the reign of Philip, winner of the Danube barbarian hordes, it is proclaimed august despite his refusal. He wrote to Philip, who does not believe and work against him. Philip and his son are killed in the battle that took place near Verona. Decius attached to his name this prestigious, Trajan. After a stint in Rome, Decius went on the Danube limes who deserted leaked Goths ravaging the Danubian provinces which the Emperor was born. It fails to stem the invasion. From 250, a new plague ravaging the Empire, the plague that decimated population and herds and further weakens the limes. He began a persecution against Christians in 250 (Polyeuctes, Corneille). The following year, he focuses on the limes, beats the Goths, but his son is killed. He finds himself wanting to avenge death. He is the first emperor to fall in battle against the Barbarians.

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