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bpv_463644 - TRAJAN DECIUS Dupondius

TRAJAN DECIUS Dupondius AU/XF
150.00 €(Approx. 178.50$ | 129.00£)
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Type : Dupondius
Date: c. 249-251
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Pisidie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 24 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 8,94 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale bien centré. Portrait de Trajan Dèce taillé à la serpe. Frappe un peu faible au revers. Patine superficielle
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP CAES C MESSO Q DECIO TRAI.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Trajan Dèce à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A2).
Obverse translation : “Imperatori Cæsari Messo Quinto Decio Traiano”, (À l’empereur Messius Quintus Dèce Trajan).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANTIOCHI CO [C/ -|-// ANTHIO/ S R].
Reverse description : Dieu-fleuve Anthios allongé à droite, nu jusqu’à la ceinture, s’appuyant sur un vas retourné qui laisse s’échapper le flot, tenant un roseau de la main droit et une corne d’abondance de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Antiochi Colonia Cæsari/ Anthio Senatus Romanus”, (Sénat romain de la colonie césarienne d’Antioche/ rivière Anthios).

Commentary


Mêmes coins que les exemplaires du Cabinet des médailles de la BnF (SNG France 3/ 1282, pl. 69). Même coin de droit que les exemplaires du Cabinet des médailles de la BnF (SNG France 3/ 1289-1291, pl. 69).

Historical background


Trajan Decius

(07/249-06/251) Caius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius

Decius was born in 201 in Lower Pannonia. After a brilliant career that opened the doors of the Senate, he was governor of Lower Moesia under the reign of Alexander Severus. At the end of the reign of Philip, winner of the Danube barbarian hordes, it is proclaimed august despite his refusal. He wrote to Philip, who does not believe and work against him. Philip and his son are killed in the battle that took place near Verona. Decius attached to his name this prestigious, Trajan. After a stint in Rome, Decius went on the Danube limes who deserted leaked Goths ravaging the Danubian provinces which the Emperor was born. It fails to stem the invasion. From 250, a new plague ravaging the Empire, the plague that decimated population and herds and further weakens the limes. He began a persecution against Christians in 250 (Polyeuctes, Corneille). The following year, he focuses on the limes, beats the Goths, but his son is killed. He finds himself wanting to avenge death. He is the first emperor to fall in battle against the Barbarians.

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