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brm_645001 - TRAJAN DECIUS Antoninien

TRAJAN DECIUS Antoninien XF
60.00 €(Approx. 70.20$ | 51.60£)
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Type : Antoninien
Date: 250
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 400 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 5,06 g.
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Flan large, épais, centré des deux côtés. Joli revers. Fine usure régulière. Patine grise
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant du trésor de Guercheville

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Trajan Dèce à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (B4).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Augustus”, (L'empereur césar Messius Quintus Trajan Dèce auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI.
Reverse description : Génie à demi nu coiffé du modius debout à gauche, tenant une patère de la main droite et une corne d'abondance de la gauche ; à droite, une enseigne.
Reverse translation : “Genius Exercitus Illuriciani”, (Le Génie de l'armée illyrienne).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3.

Historical background


Trajan Decius

(07/249-06/251) Caius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius

Decius was born in 201 in Lower Pannonia. After a brilliant career that opened the doors of the Senate, he was governor of Lower Moesia under the reign of Alexander Severus. At the end of the reign of Philip, winner of the Danube barbarian hordes, it is proclaimed august despite his refusal. He wrote to Philip, who does not believe and work against him. Philip and his son are killed in the battle that took place near Verona. Decius attached to his name this prestigious, Trajan. After a stint in Rome, Decius went on the Danube limes who deserted leaked Goths ravaging the Danubian provinces which the Emperor was born. It fails to stem the invasion. From 250, a new plague ravaging the Empire, the plague that decimated population and herds and further weakens the limes. He began a persecution against Christians in 250 (Polyeuctes, Corneille). The following year, he focuses on the limes, beats the Goths, but his son is killed. He finds himself wanting to avenge death. He is the first emperor to fall in battle against the Barbarians.

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