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bgr_628624 - THRACE - BYZANTION Drachme ou sicle

THRACE - BYZANTION Drachme ou sicle XF
280.00 €(Approx. 302.40$ | 240.80£)
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Type : Drachme ou sicle
Date: c. 416-357 AC
Mint name / Town : Byzance,Thrace
Metal : silver
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : - h.
Weight : 4,93 g.
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie centrée. Nombreuses marques de démonétisation. Jolie représentation du droit à l’usure régulière. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : (BY) ARCHAÏQUE.
Obverse description : Vache passant à gauche, placée sur un dauphin tourné à gauche.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Carré creux en ailes de moulin.

Historical background


THRACE - BYZANTION

(5th - 4th century BC)

Byzantium, the future Constantinople and then Istanbul, was founded in 657 BC by Megarian settlers from central Greece. The city was besieged by Philip II of Macedonia in 340/339 BC and will be in the share of Lysimachus during the division of the Empire of Alexander. After Couroupédion, it regained its independence. Its location at the entrance to the Black Sea at the mouth of the Propontis as well as its rich fertile plains on the coast ensured great prosperity. The change of monetary standard in 357 BC seems to indicate a modification of the commercial circuits of the city which then turned more towards the Eastern Mediterranean and Rhodes than towards the Black Sea where the Persian standard was dominant. When the city obtained its autonomy at the beginning of the 3rd century, it resumed, according to the work of Henri Seyrig, the typology of the Lysimachus who would be minted in the city for more than 150 years (see lastly, MJ Price, Mithradates VI Eupator Dionysus and coinages of Black Sea, NC 1968, pp. 9-10 on late use of this type).

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