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bgr_430764 - THESSALY - LARISSA Drachme

350.00 €(Approx. 378.00$ | 297.50£)
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Type : Drachme
Date: c. 350 AC.
Mint name / Town : Larissa, Thessalie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 5,93 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan ovale, bien centré, court sur la légende de revers à l’usure régulière. Patine de collection
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la vente Elsen 105, n° 71


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête de la nymphe Larissa de face tournée de trois-quarts de face à gauche, les cheveux retenus par un bandeau (l'ampyx).


Reverse description : Cheval à droite, levant l'antérieur gauche.
Reverse legend : [SAIWN]/ LARI.
Reverse translation : (des Larissa).


Ce type est beaucoup plus rare avec la légende inversée. Cet exemplaire sur un flan relativement étroit tout en étant relativement complet nous montre la maîtrise artistique du graveur qui a su habilement adapter son sujet à la forme circulaire du flan, tant au niveau du droit, où la chevelure vient harmonieusement occuper l’ensemble du flan et au revers, où le cheval semble se cabrer.

Historical background


(400-344 BC)

Larissa, the most important city of Thessaly, takes its name from one of the daughters of the mythical king Pelasgos. Built on the right bank of the Peneios, the city was famous for its horse breeding and Thessalos, the eponymous hero of the region, trained wild bulls there.. When Philip II of Macedon invaded Thessaly in 353 BC. -VS. , he installed democratic governments there under the protection of Macedonian garrisons responsible for maintaining order. He created four great districts at the head of which he placed tetrarchs, Simos being that of the district of Larissa. This organization was to last only eight years because, in 344 BC. -VS. , Philip II invades Thessaly again, drives out Simos and incorporates the whole province into the kingdom of Macedonia, ending the coinage. For the coinage of Larissa, there are three studies: the article by F. Hermann, Die Silbermünzen von Larissa in Thessalien, ZfN. 35 (1925), the article by T. R. Martin, The Chronology of the fourth century B. VS. , Facing Head Silver Coinage of Larissa, MN. 28, 1983 and the article by C. Lorber, The Early Facing Head Drachms of Thessalian Larissa, in Florilegium Numismaticum, Studia in Honorem U. Westermark, Stockholm 1992.

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