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Live auction - bgr_399827 - SYRIA - SELEUKID KINGDOM - TIGRANES Tétradrachme

SYRIA - SELEUKID KINGDOM - TIGRANES Tétradrachme AU/XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 18% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 2 200 €
Price : 1 200 €
Maximum bid : 1 400 €
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 14:28:05
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 89-69 AC
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 27 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 15,54 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale bien centré, mais un peu court au revers. Très beau portrait de Tigrane. Frappe un peu molle au revers. Jolie patine de collection ancienne avec des reflets dorés
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient du stock d’alain Weil en 1999 et de la collection D. C

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste drapé de Tigrane à droite, coiffé de la tiare arménienne ornée d’un astre à huit rais entre deux aigles debout en opposition se faisant face ; le tout entouré de la stemma.

Reverse


Reverse description : La Tyche d’Antioche, tourelée, voilée et drapée assise à droite sur un rocher, tenant une palme de la main droite ; à ses pieds, l’Oronte nageant à droite ; le tout dans une couronne de laurier.
Reverse legend : BASILEW-S/ TIGRANOU/ (AR)/ (HD), (Basilews Tigrranou).
Reverse translation : (du roi Tigrane).

Commentary


Même coin de droit que l’exemplaire de la vente Egger du 7 janvier 1908, n° 667.

Historical background


SYRIA - SELEUKID KINGDOM - TIGRANES

(83-69 BC)

Armenian King

The Antiochians, tired of the fratricidal wars between Philip Philadelphus and Antiochus X, appealed to the King of Armenia, Tigranes II. The King of Armenia chased the two competitors. Antiochus X took refuge in Commagene and Philip may have died fighting Tigranes. Aretas captured Damascus. Tigrane allied himself with Mithridates VI of Pontus who was also his father-in-law, hereditary enemy of the Romans. In 70 BC. -VS. , the king of Pontus was defeated by Lucullus and was forced to take refuge in Syria. Antiochus XIII and his brother Seleucus, the sons of Antiochus X and Selene, revolted and rallied part of Syria to their cause. Tigranes besieged then took Ptolemais and had Selene executed. Tigranes joined Antioch and met there Appius Claudius, Roman ambassador who summoned him to deliver Mithridates to him, the king of Armenia refused to do so.. In 69 Lucullus defeated the Armenians and besieged Tigranocerte. Tigranes lost Syria which was given to Antiochus XIII Asiaticus. Pompey, successor of Lucullus in the East, signed peace with Tigranes. Aemilius Scaurus defeated Aretas who was driven out of Damascus in 64 BC. -VS. Pompey declared war on Antiochus XIII whom he easily crushed and annexed Syria. The following year, Mithridates VI of Pontus committed suicide at the age of 69..

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