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Live auction - bgr_513728 - SYRIA - SELEUKID KINGDOM - TIGRANES Chalque

SYRIA - SELEUKID KINGDOM - TIGRANES Chalque AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/03/05 14:00:00
bgr_513728
1030
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Type : Chalque
Date: c. 89-69 AC
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 20 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 5,96 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Bel exemplaire sur un flan bien centré des deux côtés. Très beau buste de Tigrane ainsi qu’un joli revers à l’usure régulière. Jolie patine vert foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste drapé de Tigrane à droite, coiffé de la tiare arménienne orné d’une étoile entre deux aigles ; grènetis circulaire.

Reverse


Reverse description : Tyché d’Antioche assise à gauche sur un rocher, tourelée et drapée, la main droite tendue, tenant une palme de la main gauche ; à ses pieds le dieu rivière Orontes nageant à droite.
Reverse legend : BASILE-WS/ BASILEWN/ TIGRANOU/ (TR).
Reverse translation : (le roi des rois Tigrane).

Commentary


Ce type semble plus rare que ne le laissent paraître les ouvrages généraux.

Historical background


SYRIA - Seleucid Kingdom - Tigranes

(83-69 BC)

King of Armenia (97-56 avant J.-C.)

The Antiochéens tired of fratricidal wars that pitted Philip Philadelphus and Antiochus X appealed to the Armenian king Tigranes II. The king of Armenia drove the two competitors. Antiochus X fled to Commagene and Philippe perhaps was killed fighting Tigranes. Aretas took Damascus. Tigranes allied with Mithridates VI of Pontus who was also his father-hereditary enemy of the Romans. In 70 J. C-. , King of Pontus was defeated by Lucullus and was obliged to take refuge in Syria. Antiochus XIII and his brother Seleucus, the son of Antiochus X and Selene, revolted and rallied a part of Syria to their cause. Tigranes besieged and took Ptolemais and had run Selene. Tigranes joined Antioch and met Appius Claudius, the Roman ambassador summoned to deliver up Mithridates, King of Armenia refused. In 69 Lucullus defeated the Armenians and besieged Tigranocerta. Tigranes lost Syria which was given to Antiochus XIII Asiaticus. Pompey, who succeeded Lucullus in the East, signed a peace treaty with Tigranes. Aemilius Scaurus beat Aretas who was expelled from Damascus before 64 J. C-. Pompey declared war against Antiochus XIII he easily crushed and annexed Syria. The following year, Mithridates VI of Pontus committed suicide at age 69.

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