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Live auction - brm_582320 - SULLA Denier

SULLA Denier XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 400 €
Price : 235 €
Maximum bid : 253 €
End of the sale : 28 July 2020 14:38:04
bidders : 2 bidders
Type : Denier
Date: 84-83 AC.
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 950 ‰
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 3,71 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Flan légèrement décentré au droit mais bien centré au revers. Fine usure régulière. Petites contremarques au droit. Joli revers. Patine grise

Obverse


Obverse legend : L. SVLLA.
Obverse description : Tête diadémée de Vénus à droite ; devant elle, une statuette de Cupidon ailé, nu debout à gauche, tenant une palme.
Obverse translation : “Lucius Sulla”, (Lucius Sylla).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IMPER/ ITERV.
Reverse description : Vase à sacrifices (capis) et lituus entre deux trophées.
Reverse translation : “Imperator Iterum”, (Revêtu de la deuxième acclamation impériale).

Commentary


M. Crawford a relevé une estimation de trente-deux coins de droit et de trente-six coins de revers.

Historical background


Sylla

(84-83 BC) Lucius Cornelius Sulla

Sylla was born in 138 before J. C-. He began his political career before 107 J. C-. and followed Marius in Africa. With the betrayal of Bocchus, he captured Jugurtha. He then accompanied Marius Gaul to fight the Germans. At the end of the campaign, he returned to civilian life. He was elected praetor in 93 before J. C-. Responsible, the following year, restore Ariobazarnes I of Cappadocia (95-63 before J. C-. ) Which had been driven from his throne by Mithridates VI of Pontus. Return to Rome, he participated in the operations of the Social War and crushed the revolt in the blood of Italians which allowed him to run for the consulship before 88 J. C-. at the age of fifty years. He took advantage of the fact that Mithridates VI of Pontus invaded Greece to bring the war in the East. Given the opposition of Marius, his former chief, now his most implacable enemy, he had before his departure to declare Marius public enemy, and exile with his followers. He then went to Greece, besieged and took Athens before 86 J. C-. , Defeated Mithridates and signed the peace before 85 J. C-. Meanwhile, Marius elected consul for the seventh time in 86 before J. C-. carried out a purification syllanienne. The work was continued by Marius Cinna who was later murdered. Sylla, back in Italy, marched on Rome, crushed the Marianists at the Battle of the Colline Gate in 82 before J. C-. He then applied the "proscriptions" where more than eighty senators and more than 1600 knights were killed between November 82 and June 81 before J. C-. because their only crime was to be rich and to be former supporters of Marius. Sylla was then assigned to the Dictatorship life when she was legally awarded for six months. Between 81 and 79 before J. C-. , He reformed republican society, took many laws "leges Corneliæ" came Pomerium expand and rebuild the Capitol that had been destroyed by fire. He abdicated his powers before July 79 J. C-. , Retired to Campania, where he died the following year.

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