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Live auction - bgr_536396 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Tétradrachme

SICILY - SYRACUSE Tétradrachme XF/AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Starting price : 950 €
Estimate : 1 500 €
Price : 950 €
Maximum bid : 1 100 €
End of the sale : 10 September 2019 14:04:44
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 475-470 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : silver
Diameter : 25,5 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 17,56 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Bel exemplaire sur un flan légèrement décentré au droit mais bien centré au revers. Belle tête d’Aréthuse. Traces de circulation plus importantes au droit avec présence d’un coup à 3h. Patine grise de collection
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la vente Art Coin Roma 19, n° 116

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Bige au pas à droite, conduit par un aurige tenant les rênes et le kentron ; le bige est couronné par Niké volant à droite ; double ligne d’exergue ; grènetis circulaire perlé.

Reverse


Reverse description : Tête d'Aréthuse à droite, les cheveux relevés et retenus par un diadème de perles, entourée de quatre dauphins.
Reverse legend : SURAKOSI-ON.
Reverse translation : (de Syracuse).

Commentary


Mêmes coins que les exemplaires du trésor de Randazzo, n° 307-309, pl. 12. Le revers se caractérise par un début de cassure de coin qui se dégrade sur l’exemplaire n° 309 du trésor .

Historical background


SICILY - SYRACUSE

(Fifth century BC)

Hieron I, tyrant of Syracuse (478-467 avant J.-C.)

The government of Syracuse, founded in 733 BC by Corinthian settlers, was assured from 485 BC by Gelon, tyrant of Gela since 491 BC It was a victory Olympics 488 BC (chariot race) and remembered the victory by representing the right of coinage of Syracuse while the reverse was occupied by the head of Arethusa. This nymph, in mythology, residing in Ortygia Island, opposite the city of Syracuse, in the form of a freshwater fountain (Virgil Eclog. IV.1, X.1). Alpheus, a satyr, representing a river god in the Peloponnese, near Phylace in Arcadia, sued Arethusa. In his prayer, Artemis transformed her into one river and the sea nymph allowed to escape the satyr. This legend allowed to explain a hydro-geographical phenomenon: an underground river passes under the sea to lead in Ortigia island. In 480 BC, the Carthaginians invaded Sicily but were defeated by Gelon at Himera. In 478, Gelon died and his nephew succeeded him Hiero.

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