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Live auction - bgr_403651 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Tétradrachme

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Estimate : 5 500 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 27 September 2016 14:02:59
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 415-410 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracusa
Metal : silver
Diameter : 26,5 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 16,65 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale, bien centré avec les penons de coulée du flan bien visibles. Frappe un peu molle au droit. Très joli revers expressif. Recouvert d’une fine patine de collection ancienne
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient du stock de Savoca et de la collection Laurent F


Obverse description : Quadrige galopant à droite, conduit par un aurige tenant les rênes et le kentron, couronné par une petite Niké volant à gauche ; au milieu, une petite tablette inscrite ; à l’exergue, deux petits dauphins affrontés .
Obverse legend : EUE.
Obverse translation : (Euthydemos).


Reverse description : Tête d'Aréthuse à gauche, les cheveux relevés en arrière, ornés d’un épi de blé, retenus par un ampyx et un sphendoné ; collier et boucles d’oreille.
Reverse legend : SURAKOSION// EUME/NOU.
Reverse translation : (de Syracuse/ Eumène).


Tétradrachme signé Evainète et Eumènes. Mêmes coins que l’exemplaire de l’American Numismatic Society (ANS. 272) et que celui de la collection Gulbenkian (n° 278). Cet exemplaire, une œuvre majeure de l’art grec classique est réalisée par deux artistes qui maîtrisent parfaitement l’art de la gravure monétaire : Evainète et Eumènes.

Historical background


(Fifth century BC)

Democracy (466-413 avant J.-C.)

After the death of Hieron in 467 and the usurpation of Thrasybulus, democracy was established in 466 BC in Syracuse as in most cities of Sicily. The city then experienced a long period of economic expansion and political radiating throughout the island. Simultaneously, she had to fight against the Etruscans and especially against the Carthaginians who tried periodically to settle or at least control the eastern Sicily. During the Peloponnesian War, it had to face on his land the dreaded Athenian expedition from 415 BC Nicias and Alcibiades. After the first recall, the Athenian fleet was sunk in the harbor of Syracuse, Nicias killed and the survivors of the Athenian army condemned to forced labor in the stone quarries. In 409, the Carthaginians invaded the island again and seized Selinus and Himera and Agrigento in 405 BC Dionysius of Syracuse seized power and drives the invaders.

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