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Live auction - bgr_503420 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Tétradrachme

SICILY - SYRACUSE Tétradrachme XF
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live-auctionLive starting :
2020/03/10 14:00:00
bgr_503420
1038
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Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 450-440 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracusa
Metal : silver
Diameter : 25 mm
Orientation dies : 8 h.
Weight : 17,29 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan légèrement éclaté avec un coin bouché au droit. Belle tête d’Artéthuse au revers. Petits trous dans le métal au revers
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la collection R. P

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Bige au pas à droite, conduit par un aurige tenant les rênes et le kentron ; le bige est couronné par Niké volant à droite ; monstre marin à l’exergue.

Reverse


Reverse legend : N ET S RÉTROGRADES.
Reverse description : Tête d'Aréthuse à droite, les cheveux relevés et retenus par un filet, entourée de quatre dauphins.
Reverse legend : SURAKOSI-ON.

Commentary


Mêmes coins que les exemplaires des musées de Boston (W. 325) et de Cambridge (M. 2668). Sur cet exemplaire, les inscriptions sont particulièrement petites.

Historical background


SICILY - SYRACUSE

(Fifth century BC)

Democracy (466-413 avant J.-C.)

After the death of Hieron in 467 and the usurpation of Thrasybulus, democracy was established in 466 BC in Syracuse as in most cities of Sicily. The city then experienced a long period of economic expansion and political radiating throughout the island. Simultaneously, she had to fight against the Etruscans and especially against the Carthaginians who tried periodically to settle or at least control the eastern Sicily. During the Peloponnesian War, it had to face on his land the dreaded Athenian expedition from 415 BC Nicias and Alcibiades. After the first recall, the Athenian fleet was sunk in the harbor of Syracuse, Nicias killed and the survivors of the Athenian army condemned to forced labor in the stone quarries. In 409, the Carthaginians invaded the island again and seized Selinus and Himera and Agrigento in 405 BC Dionysius of Syracuse seized power and drives the invaders.

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