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bgr_407828 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Litra

195.00 €(Approx. 222.30$ | 171.60£)
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Type : Litra
Date: c. 214-212 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : copper
Diameter : 20,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 7,32 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan bien centré avec les grènetis visibles. Belle tête de Poseidon. Frappe un peu molle au revers. Patine marron foncé
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête de Poséidon à gauche, coiffée de la tainia ; un petit dauphin derrière la tête.


Reverse description : Tête de trident ornementée, accostée de deux dauphins la tête en bas.
Reverse legend : SURA-KO/SIWN/ Q-F (Surakosiwn).
Reverse translation : (de Syracuse).


Ce type constitue une monnaie divisionnaire de la série au trident décrite comme un tiers d’unité de la litra. Il s’agit plutôt d’un quart de litra ou 3 onkiai. C’est l’une des plus petites monnaies divisionnaires de la cité avant sa capture par les Romains.

Historical background


(214-212 BC)

Fifth Republic (214-212 avant J.-C.)

After the death of Hiero in 215 BC, his nephew succeeded him, and was nicknamed "the little Hieron" to differentiate it from his august predecessor. The new monarch allied with Carthage and Hannibal who is now in southern Italy Capua. Unfortunately, he will regret this alliance was overthrown the following year and the Republic is restored. This gesture of the new rulers is not sufficient to prevent the Romans to invade Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse. Despite a fierce and support war machines designed by Archimedes, especially incendiary mirrors resistance, the city fell. Marcellus, the Roman Imperator, trying in vain to save the great scientist who was killed by a soldier. Syracuse is plundered. The Romans were masters of the whole of Sicily in 210 BC.

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