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E-auction 326-241788 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Hemilitron

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Estimate : 120 €
Price : 53 €
Maximum bid : 61 €
End of the sale : 15 July 2019 14:01:30
bidders : 11 bidders
Type : Hemilitron
Date: c. 415-405 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 16 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 2,48 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Flan légèrement décentré. La monnaie reste parfaitement identifiable. Joli revers. Patine vert foncé


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête de nymphe (Aréthuse) à gauche, les cheveux retenus dans un sphendoné, diadémée avec boucles d'oreille et collier ; derrière la tête, deux feuilles d’olivier ; grènetis circulaire.


Reverse description : Dauphin à droite au-dessus d'un pétoncle ; grènetis circulaire.
Reverse legend : SU-RA.
Reverse translation : (Syracuse).


Ce type serait bien contemporain de la fin de la Démocratie entre l’invasion athénienne de la Sicile et la prise de pouvoir de Denys Ier. L’émission pourrait même se poursuivre après cette date. Derrière la tête, nous aurions deux feuilles d’olivier, symbolisant ainsi peut-être une victoire ?.

Historical background


(Fifth century BC)

Democracy (466-413 avant J.-C.)

After the death of Hieron in 467 and the usurpation of Thrasybulus, democracy was established in 466 BC in Syracuse as in most cities of Sicily. The city then experienced a long period of economic expansion and political radiating throughout the island. Simultaneously, she had to fight against the Etruscans and especially against the Carthaginians who tried periodically to settle or at least control the eastern Sicily. During the Peloponnesian War, it had to face on his land the dreaded Athenian expedition from 415 BC Nicias and Alcibiades. After the first recall, the Athenian fleet was sunk in the harbor of Syracuse, Nicias killed and the survivors of the Athenian army condemned to forced labor in the stone quarries. In 409, the Carthaginians invaded the island again and seized Selinus and Himera and Agrigento in 405 BC Dionysius of Syracuse seized power and drives the invaders.

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