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E-auction 558-491880 - bgr_869295 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Drachme

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Estimate : 250 €
Price : 125 €
Maximum bid : 125 €
End of the sale : 25 December 2023 14:00:20
bidders : 12 bidders
Type : Drachme
Date: c. 380 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : copper
Diameter : 27,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 27,84 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie idéalement centrée. Joli revers. Portrait bien venu à la frappe. Patine foncée


Obverse description : Tête casquée d’Athéna à gauche, coiffée du casque corinthien lauré.
Obverse legend : SURA.
Obverse translation : (Syracuse).


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Astre à huit rais (étoile de mer) entre deux dauphins.


La chronologie de cette litra est encore aujourd’hui discutée. Placée par certains auteurs sous Timoléon (344-317 avant J.-C.) d’autres en remontent la datation à la fin de la Démocratie et l’instauration de la tyrannie de Denys l’Ancien (405-367 avant J.-C.).

Historical background


(405-367 BC)

Dionysos the Elder

During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), Syracuse had to face on its territory the formidable Athenian expedition led from 415 BC by Alcibiades and Nicias. After the recall of the former, the Athenian fleet was cast in the port of Syracuse and the Athenians were defeated on the Assinarios in 413 BC, Nicias put to death and the survivors of the Athenian army condemned to hard labor in stone quarries (latomies). In 409, the Carthaginians invaded the island again and seized Selinunte and Himera, then Agrigento in 405 BC. Dionysius of Syracuse seized power and drove back the invaders in 397 BC .-C. The reign of Dionysius the Elder lasted another thirty years and it was Timoleon who succeeded him.

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