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bgr_648905 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Drachme

90.00 €(Approx. 104.40$ | 75.60£)
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Type : Drachme
Date: c. 380 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : copper
Diameter : 28,5 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 32,89 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire centré. Usure importante mais monnaie bien identifiable. Revers agréable. Patine foncée. Légère présence de concrétions vertes


Obverse description : Tête casquée d’Athéna à gauche, coiffée du casque corinthien lauré.
Obverse legend : SURA.
Obverse translation : (Syracuse).


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Astre à huit rais (étoile de mer) entre deux dauphins.


La chronologie de cette litra est encore aujourd’hui discutée. Placée par certains auteurs sous Timoléon (344-317 avant J.-C.) d’autres en remontent la datation à la fin de la Démocratie et l’instauration de la tyrannie de Denys l’Ancien (405-367 avant J.-C.).

Historical background


(405-367 BC)

Dionysius the Elder (405-367 avant J.-C.)

During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), Syracuse had to face on his land the dreaded Athenian expedition from 415 BC Nicias and Alcibiades. After the first recall, the Athenian fleet was sunk in the harbor of Syracuse and the Athenians were defeated on Assinarios in 413 BC, Nicias killed and the survivors of the Athenian army condemned to forced labor in stone quarries (latomie). In 409, the Carthaginians invaded the island again and seized Selinus and Himera and Agrigento in 405 BC Dionysius of Syracuse seized power and drives the invaders in 397 J .-C. reign of Dionysius lasted another thirty years and is Timoleon who succeeded him.

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