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bgr_903390 - SICILY - MESSANA Tétradrachme

SICILY - MESSANA Tétradrachme XF
1 200.00 €(Approx. 1284.00$ | 1008.00£)
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Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 480-461 AC.
Mint name / Town : Messine, Sicile
Metal : silver
Diameter : 28,5 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 17,29 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Flan large, centré des deux côtés. Jolie représentation du droit. Fine usure régulière. Patine grise avec de légers reflets dorés
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Bige de mules à droite, conduit par un aurige, tenant les rênes et le kentron ; à l'exergue, une feuille d'olivier.

Reverse


Reverse legend : (LES DEUX SIGMA RÉTROGRADES).
Reverse description : Lièvre bondissant à droite.
Reverse legend : MESSA-N-IO-N.
Reverse translation : (de Messine).

Historical background


SICILY - MESSANA

(5th century BC)

Messina was founded by the Chalcidians around 725 BC under the name of Zancle or sickle, a name that comes from the shape of the port of the city. The Samians, fleeing the Persian yoke, seized the city in 493 BC and kept it for four years until Anaxilas, tyrant of Rhegion, chased them away and renamed the city, Messina. Anaxilas and his son were overthrown in 461 BC and Democracy established. Messina was destroyed by the Carthaginians in 396 BC. Messina, after regaining some prosperity during the second half of the 4th century BC, was once again ravaged by an invader, this time- here, Oscan mercenaries who destroyed the city and massacred its inhabitants in 288 BC. The new masters, the Mamertines, maintained their autonomy under the control of the Romans until the 1st century BC. Coinage ceased in 38 BC.

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