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Live auction - bgr_399784 - SICILY - MESSANA Tétradrachme

SICILY - MESSANA Tétradrachme XF
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Estimate : 3 800 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 14:02:50
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 412-408 AC.
Mint name / Town : Messine, Sicile
Metal : silver
Diameter : 26,5 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 16,72 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et irrégulier, éclaté. Très belle représentation du droit. Joli revers avec la tête de Pan. Patine de collection ancienne
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la vente d’Alain Weil, Drouot du 7 novembre 2000, n° 17 et de la collection D. C

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Bige de mules à gauche, conduit par un aurige, tenant les rênes et le kentron, couronné par Niké volant à droite ; à l'exergue, deux petits dauphins affrontés.

Reverse


Reverse legend : LÉGENDE RÉTROGRADE.
Reverse description : Lièvre bondissant à droite ; sous le lièvre, tête du dieu Pan à droite.
Reverse legend : MES-S-ANIO-N.
Reverse translation : (de Messine).

Commentary


Mêmes coins que l’exemplaire reproduit dans l’ouvrage de E. Montenegro (MIAMG., p. 775, n° 4412).

Historical background


SICILY - MESSANA

(5th century BC)

Messina was founded by the Chalcidians around 725 BC under the name of Zancle or sickle, a name that comes from the shape of the port of the city. The Samians, fleeing the Persian yoke, seized the city in 493 BC and kept it for four years until Anaxilas, tyrant of Rhegion, chased them away and renamed the city, Messina. Anaxilas and his son were overthrown in 461 BC and Democracy established. Messina was destroyed by the Carthaginians in 396 BC. Messina, after regaining some prosperity during the second half of the 4th century BC, was once again ravaged by an invader, this time- here, Oscan mercenaries who destroyed the city and massacred its inhabitants in 288 BC. The new masters, the Mamertines, maintained their autonomy under the control of the Romans until the 1st century BC. Coinage ceased in 38 BC.

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