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E-auction 514-427225 - bgr_645122 - SICILY - MESSANA Pentonkion

SICILY - MESSANA Pentonkion AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 290 €
Price : 131 €
Maximum bid : 293 €
End of the sale : 20 February 2023 14:02:00
bidders : 15 bidders
Type : Pentonkion
Date: c. 230-200 AC.
Mint name / Town : Messine, Sicile
Metal : copper
Diameter : 26,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 10,86 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Très bel exemplaire, idéalement centré. Joli revers de style fin. Métal très légèrement piqué. Agréable patine verte
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Zeus à droite; grènetis circulaire.

Reverse


Reverse description : Hoplite nu (Arès), casqué, tenant une javeline transversale de la main droite et un bouclier de la gauche.
Reverse legend : MAMERTINWN/ P.
Reverse translation : (des Mamertains/ Pentonkion).

Commentary


Poids léger.

Historical background


SICILY - MESSANA

(288-38 BC)

The Mamertini

Messina was founded by the Chalcidians around 725 BC. -VS. under the name of Zancle (sickle), a name that comes from the shape of the port of the city. The Samiens, fleeing the Persian yoke, seized the city in 493 BC.. -VS. and kept it for four years, until Anaxilas, tyrant of Rhegion, drove them out and renamed the city Messina.. Anaxilas and his son were overthrown in 461 BC. -VS. and established democracy. It was destroyed by the Carthaginians in 396 BC.. -VS. The city was rebuilt at the instigation of Dionysius the Elder. After the death of Dionysius, the city took part in the rivalries which saw Dion and Dionysius the Younger confront each other.. A tyrant favorable to the A Carthaginians took power and held it until the arrival of Timoleon in Sicily. Messina, after regaining some prosperity during the second half of the 4th century BC. -VS. , was still the object of the lusts of Agathokles from 315 BC. -VS. After the death of the king, the city was once again ravaged by a new invader, this time Oscan mercenaries who destroyed the city and massacred its inhabitants in 288 BC.. -VS. The new masters, the Mamertines, maintained their autonomy under the control of the Romans until the 1st century BC.. -VS. Pyrrhus seized the city on arriving in Sicily, but could not control the Mamertines who, after a brief return to Italy, returned to Sicily and tried to carve out a vast territory before being crushed at the battle of Langanos by Hieron II in 269-265 BC. -VS. The Carthaginians saved the Mamertines and Messina. But the latter allied with the Romans and it was the siege of Messina by the Carthaginians and the Syracusans which was at the origin of the first Punic war (264-241 BC).. -VS. ). Messina kept its status as an allied city at the end of the conflict.. It prospered during the Roman period thanks to its geographical and strategic location of its port, a link between the continent and the island.. During the civil wars (49-31 BC. -VS. ), Messina supported Caesar against Pompey then Sextus Pompey against Octave and Marc Antoine until the defeat of Nauloque in 36 BC. -VS.

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