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E-auction 96-50019 - SICILY - MESSANA Pentonkion

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Estimate : 125 €
Price : 77 €
Maximum bid : 125 €
End of the sale : 16 February 2015 15:04:00
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Pentonkion
Date: c. 208-200 AC.
Mint name / Town : Messine, Sicile
Metal : copper
Diameter : 26 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 10,28 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et irrégulier. Beau portrait d’Arès. Frappe un peu faible au revers sur la légende. Patine verte légèrement granuleuse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée d’Arès à gauche ; grènetis circulaire perlé.


Reverse description : Cavalier nu debout à gauche, la chlamyde tombant sur l’épaule et enroulé sur le bras gauche, tenant son cheval par la bride de la main droite et une javeline transversale de la main gauche ; grènetis circulaire.
Reverse legend : MA-MER-TINWN/ P.
Reverse translation : (des Mamertins/ 5).


Pour ce type. G. Buceti a relevé 121 exemplaires avec des poids compris entre 8,97 g et 14 ,11 g. Les auteurs du Mamertini ont isolé cinq variétés différentes pour un total de 153 exemplaires dont trois sans symbole placé derrière la tête au droit (casque ou glaive. Notre variété se caractérise par une césure de légende de revers.

Historical background


(288-38 BC)

The Mamertines

Messina was founded by the Chalcidians to 725 BC under the name Zancle (sickle), a name that comes from the shape of the port of the city. The Samians, fleeing the Persian yoke captured the city in 493 BC and held it for four years until Anaxilas tyrant Rhegion, do hunting and renames the city, Messina. Anaxilas and his son were overthrown in 461 BC and established democracy. It was destroyed by the Carthaginians in 396 BC Messina, having regained some prosperity during the second half of the fourth century BC, once ravaged by an invader was again, this time above, the Oscan mercenaries who destroyed the city and massacred its inhabitants in 288 BC The new masters, the Mamertines, maintained their autonomy under the control of the Romans until the first century BC The coinage ceased in 38 BC.

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