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bgr_324956 - SICILY - MESSANA Dilitron

SICILY - MESSANA Dilitron AU
550.00 €(Approx. 627.00$ | 484.00£)
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Type : Dilitron
Date: c. 338-331 AC.
Mint name / Town : Messine, Sicile
Metal : copper
Diameter : 22 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 11,01 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale et irrégulier bien centré des deux côtés. Belle tête de Poséidon. Revers bien venu à la frappe, faible sur la légende. Très belle patine vert clair

Obverse


Obverse description : Tête barbue et laurée de Poséidon à gauche, les cheveux longs tombant sur la nuque ; gènetis circulaire perlé.
Obverse legend : POSEI-DAN.
Obverse translation : (Poséidon).

Reverse


Reverse description : Trident richement ornementé avec des volutes et des palmettes, accosté de deux dauphins la tête ne bas.
Reverse legend : [M-E-S-SA-N-IW-N].
Reverse translation : (de Messine).

Commentary


Pour ce type, G. Buceti a recensé vingt-deux exemplaires avec des poids compris ente 13,11 g et 17,90 g. C’est peut être le plus bel exemplaire connu pour le type.

Historical background


SICILY - MESSINA

(Fourth century BC)

Messina was founded by the Chalcidians to 725 BC under the name Zancle, sickle, a name that comes from the shape of the port of the city. The Samians, fleeing the Persian yoke captured the city in 493 BC and held it for four years until Anaxilas tyrant Rhegion, do hunting and renames the city, Messina. Anaxilas and his son were overthrown in 461 BC and established democracy. Messina was destroyed by the Carthaginians in 396 BC Messina, having regained some prosperity during the second half of the fourth century BC, once ravaged by an invader was again, this time above, the Oscan mercenaries who destroyed the city and massacred its inhabitants in 288 BC The new masters, the Mamertines, maintained their autonomy under the control of the Romans until the first century BC The coinage ceased in 38 BC.

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