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E-auction 556-488393 - bgr_877518 - SICILY - LEONTINOI Trias

SICILY - LEONTINOI Trias VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 100 €
Price : 51 €
Maximum bid : 71 €
End of the sale : 11 December 2023 14:05:00
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Trias
Date: c. 200-150 AC
Mint name / Town : Leontini, Sicile
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 16 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 3,91 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie centrée. Joli revers. Usure importante mais régulière. Patine foncée
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste voilé de Déméter à gauche, couronné d’épis ; derrière un araire.

Reverse


Reverse description : Gerbe formée de quatre épis.
Reverse legend : LEON/TINWN.
Reverse translation : (de Léontini).

Commentary


Pour ce type G. Buceti a recensé vingt-six exemplaires avec des poids compris entre 2,47 g et 4,15 g.

Historical background


SICILY - LEONTINOI

(5th - 4th century BC)

Leontini was founded in 729 BC. -VS. by Chalcidians from Naxos. In 496, Leontini came under the influence of Hippokrates, tyrant of Gela before joining the rule of Syracuse with Hieron I twenty years later.. On the death of the tyrant, the city was liberated in 466 BC.. -VS. by establishing democracy. The city was subjugated by Syracuse in 422 BC. -VS. and its inhabitants settled in Syracuse. Leontini with Segesta appealed to Athens to intervene against Syracuse. It was the famous Athens expedition to Sicily that ended in disaster.. Leontini was repopulated by Agrigento, Géla and Camarina and its integrity guaranteed by the Carthaginians after the peace signed by Himilcon. But as early as 403 BC. -VS. Dionysius the Elder seized the city and deported its population. After the death of Dionysius the Elder, Leontini revolted and opened his doors to Dion against Dionysius the Younger. Hiketas settles in Léontini. Hiketas captured Syracuse in 344 BC. -VS. forcing Dionysius the Younger to find refuge on the island of Ortygia. Hiketas returned to Leontini on the arrival of the Corinthian general Timoleon and his mercenaries. Hiketas was finally assassinated. The inhabitants of Léontini left their city again for Syracuse. Hereditary enemies of the Syracusans, the dissidents of Leontini allied themselves with the Carthaginians against Agathokles who, after the intervention of the Akragantain general, Xenodikos, finally remained under Syracusan influence.. The city was then conquered by Pyrrhus during his expedition to Sicily before being integrated into the kingdom of Hieron II. Hieronymos, grandson of Hieron II was assassinated in Leontini who revolted against Syracuse, the Romans and allied himself with the Carthaginians. The city was taken the following year by Marcellus and became a tributary city.

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