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v43_0027 - SICILY - LEONTINOI Tétradrachme "du Maître à la feuille"

SICILY - LEONTINOI Tétradrachme  du Maître à la feuille  AU/AU
MONNAIES 43 (2010)
Starting price : 900.00 €
Estimate : 1 900.00 €
unsold lot
Type : Tétradrachme "du Maître à la feuille"
Date: c. 450-430 AC.
Mint name / Town : Léontini
Metal : silver
Diameter : 26 mm
Orientation dies : 8 h.
Weight : 17,68 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan très large, légèrement éclaté à 12 heures. Beau portrait. Revers très en creux. Magnifique patine de médaillier avec des reflets dorés
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de MONNAIES 38, n° 52

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée d'Apollon à gauche.

Reverse


Reverse legend : LEONT-I-NO-N.
Reverse description : Tête de lion à gauche, la gueule ouverte et la langue pendante, entourée de trois grains d'orge ; derrière la tête, une feuille de laurier avec baie.
Reverse translation : (de Léontini).

Commentary


Cassure de coin avec un écrasement de flan dans la chevelure. Début de cassure de coin visible au revers sur le mufle du lion. Mêmes coins que l’exemplaire de l’American Numismatic Society (ANS. 241) et que l’exemplaire de MONNAIES 34, n° 52. Même coin de droit que l’exemplaire de la collection Pozzi, n° 471, pl. XV. Ce type semble en fait beaucoup plus rare que l’émission finale de Léontini qui présente la même particularité au revers, à savoir, d’avoir trois grains d’orge et une feuille de laurier. L’exemplaire de MONNAIES 36, n° 39 s’est vendu 1.900€ dans un état de conservation similaire.

Historical background


SICILY - LEONTINOI

(5th - 4th century BC)

Leontini was founded in 729 BC. -VS. by Chalcidians from Naxos. In 496, Leontini came under the influence of Hippokrates, tyrant of Gela before joining the rule of Syracuse with Hieron I twenty years later.. On the death of the tyrant, the city was liberated in 466 BC.. -VS. by establishing democracy. The city was subjugated by Syracuse in 422 BC. -VS. and its inhabitants settled in Syracuse. Leontini with Segesta appealed to Athens to intervene against Syracuse. It was the famous Athens expedition to Sicily that ended in disaster.. Leontini was repopulated by Agrigento, Géla and Camarina and its integrity guaranteed by the Carthaginians after the peace signed by Himilcon. But as early as 403 BC. -VS. Dionysius the Elder seized the city and deported its population. After the death of Dionysius the Elder, Leontini revolted and opened his doors to Dion against Dionysius the Younger. Hiketas settles in Léontini. Hiketas captured Syracuse in 344 BC. -VS. forcing Dionysius the Younger to find refuge on the island of Ortygia. Hiketas returned to Leontini on the arrival of the Corinthian general Timoleon and his mercenaries. Hiketas was finally assassinated. The inhabitants of Léontini left their city again for Syracuse. Hereditary enemies of the Syracusans, the dissidents of Leontini allied themselves with the Carthaginians against Agathokles who, after the intervention of the Akragantain general, Xenodikos, finally remained under Syracusan influence.. The city was then conquered by Pyrrhus during his expedition to Sicily before being integrated into the kingdom of Hieron II. Hieronymos, grandson of Hieron II was assassinated in Leontini who revolted against Syracuse, the Romans and allied himself with the Carthaginians. The city was taken the following year by Marcellus and became a tributary city.

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