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v34_0050 - SICILY - LEONTINOI litra

SICILY - LEONTINOI litra AU
MONNAIES 34 (2008)
Starting price : 450.00 €
Estimate : 750.00 €
unsold lot
Type : litra
Date: c. 475-466 AC.
Mint name / Town : Léontini
Metal : silver
Diameter : 13,5 mm
Orientation dies : 2 h.
Weight : 0,86 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large pour une monnaie divisionnaire parfaitement centré des deux côtés avec le grènetis complet au droit sur un flan légèrement scyphate. Très joli mufle de lion. Revers de style fin, bien venu à la frappe. Une fine patine grise recouvre l’exemplaire

Obverse


Obverse legend : LEO-N.
Obverse description : Tête de lion à droite, la gueule ouverte et la langue pendante.
Obverse translation : (Léontini).

Reverse


Reverse description : Dieu-rivière cornu, nu debout à gauche (Lyssos) tenant de la main gauche une grande branche de laurier et une patère de la main droite, faisant une libation au-dessus d’un autel ; derrière, dans le champ à droite, un grain d’orge posé verticalement.

Commentary


Malgré la rareté du type, nous n’avons pas relevé d’identité de coin pertinente. Tous les détails de crinière et de la gueule du lion sont visibles ainsi que les nervures du rameau de laurier au revers.

Historical background


SICILY - LEONTINOI

(5th - 4th century BC)

Leontini was founded in 729 BC. -VS. by Chalcidians from Naxos. In 496, Leontini came under the influence of Hippokrates, tyrant of Gela before joining the rule of Syracuse with Hieron I twenty years later.. On the death of the tyrant, the city was liberated in 466 BC.. -VS. by establishing democracy. The city was subjugated by Syracuse in 422 BC. -VS. and its inhabitants settled in Syracuse. Leontini with Segesta appealed to Athens to intervene against Syracuse. It was the famous Athens expedition to Sicily that ended in disaster.. Leontini was repopulated by Agrigento, Géla and Camarina and its integrity guaranteed by the Carthaginians after the peace signed by Himilcon. But as early as 403 BC. -VS. Dionysius the Elder seized the city and deported its population. After the death of Dionysius the Elder, Leontini revolted and opened his doors to Dion against Dionysius the Younger. Hiketas settles in Léontini. Hiketas captured Syracuse in 344 BC. -VS. forcing Dionysius the Younger to find refuge on the island of Ortygia. Hiketas returned to Leontini on the arrival of the Corinthian general Timoleon and his mercenaries. Hiketas was finally assassinated. The inhabitants of Léontini left their city again for Syracuse. Hereditary enemies of the Syracusans, the dissidents of Leontini allied themselves with the Carthaginians against Agathokles who, after the intervention of the Akragantain general, Xenodikos, finally remained under Syracusan influence.. The city was then conquered by Pyrrhus during his expedition to Sicily before being integrated into the kingdom of Hieron II. Hieronymos, grandson of Hieron II was assassinated in Leontini who revolted against Syracuse, the Romans and allied himself with the Carthaginians. The city was taken the following year by Marcellus and became a tributary city.

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