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E-auction 571-514943 - bgr_902003 - SICILY - GELA Trias

SICILY - GELA Trias XF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 180 €
Price : 93 €
Maximum bid : 95 €
End of the sale : 25 March 2024 14:07:20
bidders : 14 bidders
Type : Trias
Date: c. 420-405 AC.
Mint name / Town : Géla, Sicile
Metal : copper
Diameter : 18,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 5,07 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie légèrement décentrée au revers. Beau portrait. Usure régulière. Patine vert foncé

Obverse


Obverse description : Taureau passant à gauche ; trois globules à l’exergue ; grènetis circulaire.
Obverse legend : GELAS.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Tête imberbe diadémée et cornue du dieu fleuve Gelas à droite ; derrière, la tête un grain d’orge ; grènetis circulaire.

Historical background


SICILY - GELA

(5th century BC)

Gela was founded in 688 BC.. -VS. by Rhodian and Cretan settlers. Coinage began around 498 BC.. -VS. under the tyranny of Kleandros (505-498 AC. ) or Hippokrates (498-491 AC. ), Gelon (491/490-486/485 AC. ), then Hieron (486/485-478/477 AC. ) were successively tyrants of Gela before imposing themselves on Syracuse. The last tyrant was Polyzalos (478/477-466 AC. ) before the restoration of Democracy in 466 BC. -VS. like in Syracuse. The city experienced extraordinary economic and artistic development between 450 and 413 BC.. -VS. The Athenian expedition, the reaction of Syracuse modified this situation. Gela finally fell to the Carthaginians during the invasion of 405 BC.. -VS. The city, destroyed, was never to recover. Nevertheless, the city remained under Carthaginian influence before passing under the domination of Syracuse and Dionysius the Elder.. After the death of Dionysius, she rallied Dion against Dionysius the Younger, then Timoleon restored the city with Ionian settlers from the island of Keos. Opposed to Agathokles, Gela was harshly submitted before joining the opposition with Agrigento before being defeated and falling back under the control of the Syracusan monarch. In 282, Gela was again destroyed by Phintias and devastated by Mamertine mercenaries around 264 BC.. -VS. The city became a tributary of Rome during the Punic Wars.

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