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bgr_483437 - SICILY - GELA Tetras

SICILY - GELA Tetras XF
195.00 €(Approx. 210.60$ | 165.75£)
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Type : Tetras
Date: c. 315-310 AC.
Mint name / Town : Géla, Sicile
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 3,45 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire su un flan large bien centré des deux côtés. Belle tête de Déméter bien venue à la frappe. Joli revers. Patine marron foncé, légèrement granuleuse
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient du stock de Gartner et de la collection Laurent F

Obverse


Obverse description : Tête de Déméter de trois quarts de face à droite, couronnée d’épis.
Obverse legend : [GELWIWN].
Obverse translation : (de Géla).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Tête barbue du dieu fleuve Gelas cornu à gauche ; grènetis circulaire.

Commentary


G. Buceti a recensé vingt-six exemplaires de ce type avec des poids compris entre 2,01 g et 3,37 g.

Historical background


SICILY - GELA

(5th century BC)

Gela was founded in 688 BC.. -VS. by Rhodian and Cretan settlers. Coinage began around 498 BC.. -VS. under the tyranny of Kleandros (505-498 AC. ) or Hippokrates (498-491 AC. ), Gelon (491/490-486/485 AC. ), then Hieron (486/485-478/477 AC. ) were successively tyrants of Gela before imposing themselves on Syracuse. The last tyrant was Polyzalos (478/477-466 AC. ) before the restoration of Democracy in 466 BC. -VS. like in Syracuse. The city experienced extraordinary economic and artistic development between 450 and 413 BC.. -VS. The Athenian expedition, the reaction of Syracuse modified this situation. Gela finally fell to the Carthaginians during the invasion of 405 BC.. -VS. The city, destroyed, was never to recover. Nevertheless, the city remained under Carthaginian influence before passing under the domination of Syracuse and Dionysius the Elder.. After the death of Dionysius, she rallied Dion against Dionysius the Younger, then Timoleon restored the city with Ionian settlers from the island of Keos. Opposed to Agathokles, Gela was harshly submitted before joining the opposition with Agrigento before being defeated and falling back under the control of the Syracusan monarch. In 282, Gela was again destroyed by Phintias and devastated by Mamertine mercenaries around 264 BC.. -VS. The city became a tributary of Rome during the Punic Wars.

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