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Live auction - bgr_356271 - SICILY - GELA Litra

SICILY - GELA Litra AU
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Estimate : 750 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 30 June 2015 14:04:07
Type : Litra
Date: c. 316-310
Mint name / Town : Géla, Sicile
Metal : silver
Diameter : 10,2 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 0,69 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan ovale bien centré des deux côtés. Beaux portraits. Jolie patine de collection ancienne gris foncé avec des reflets dorés
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient du stock de Vayson (Paris) et de la collection B. Odaert

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête imberbe d’Héraklès à droite coiffée de la léonté nouée sous le cou ; derrière la tête une astragale.

Reverse


Reverse description : Tête barbue et cornue de Géla à gauche avec une couronne de roseaux.
Reverse legend : GELWIWN.
Reverse translation : (des Géliens).

Commentary


Ce type semble beaucoup plus rare que ne le laissent supposer les ouvrages généraux.

Historical background


Sicily - Gela

(Fourth century BC)

Gela was founded in 688 before J. -C. by Rhodian and Cretan settlers. The coinage began around 498 before J. -C. under the tyranny of Kleander (505-498 AC. ) Or Hippocrates (498-491 AC. ) Gelo (491 / 490-486 / 485 AC. ) And Hieron (486 / 485-478 / 477 AC. ) Were successively Gela tyrants before winning in Syracuse. The last tyrant was Polyzalos (478 / 477-466 AC. ) Before the restoration of democracy in 466 before J. -C. as Syracuse. The city experienced an extraordinary economic and artistic development between 450 and 413 before J. -C. The Athenian expedition, the reaction Syracuse altered this situation. Gela finally fell under the blows of the Carthaginians during the invasion of 405 before J. -C. The city was destroyed, was never to recover. Nevertheless, the city remained under Carthaginian influences before coming under domination of Syracuse Dionysius the Elder. After the death of Dionysius, she rallied against Dion Dionysius, Timoleon then restored the city with Ionian colonists from the island of Keos. Opposite Agathokles, Gela was subjected hard before joining the opposition Agrigento before being defeated and falling under the control of the Syracusan monarch. In 282, Gela was destroyed once again Phintias and devastated by mercenaries Mamertines to 264 before J. -C. The city became dependent on Rome in the Punic wars.

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