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fme_683904 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille pour l’inauguration de Notre-Dame de Fourvière

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille pour l’inauguration de Notre-Dame de Fourvière AU
75.00 €(Approx. 81.75$ | 62.25£)
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Type : Médaille pour l’inauguration de Notre-Dame de Fourvière
Date: 1852
Mint name / Town : 69 - Lyon
Metal : copper
Diameter : 41,5 mm
Engraver PÉNIN Marius (1807-1880)
Weight : 37,39 g.
Edge : lisse + main CUIVRE
Puncheon : main indicatrice (1845-1860) et CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Jolie patine marron avec quelques traces de manipulation dans les champs. Présence de fines rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : BENEFICIORUM - MEMOR CIVITAS.
Obverse description : Statue de Notre Dame de Fourvière, signé : FABISCH INV. et PENON FECIT.

Reverse


Reverse legend : INAUGURATION / DE LA STATUE / DE NOTRE DAME / DE FOURVIERE / VIII DECEMBRE / MDCCCLII.
Reverse description : Légende en 6 lignes horizontales ; au-dessus, une croix dans une nuée rayonnante.

Commentary


Cette médaille signée PENIN FECIT pourrait être attribuée à Marius Penin (1807-1880) ou à son fils Ludovic Penin (1830-1868) juste âgé de 22 ans en 1852.

La basilique Notre-Dame de Fourvière surplombe la ville de Lyon depuis le sommet de la colline de Fourvière.
Elle est construite à peu près sur l'emplacement de l'ancien forum de Trajan Forum vetus, hypothèse étymologique la plus probable pour le nom actuel de Fourvière). Sur cet emplacement est institué au milieu du Moyen Âge un culte à saint Thomas de Cantorbéry puis, rapidement, à la Vierge. Ce double culte se concrétise avec la construction d'un lieu de dévotion, la chapelle Saint-Thomas. À la suite d'un vœu prononcé en 1642 pour éloigner une épidémie de peste de Lyon, un pèlerinage annuel se constitue. Au xixe siècle, une statue de Marie est érigée sur le clocher rehaussé et renforcé de la chapelle et la proposition de construire une basilique est acceptée, à la fois pour accueillir des visiteurs de plus en plus nombreux et en remerciement pour la protection de Lyon durant la guerre franco-allemande de 1870..

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

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