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E-auction 578-528887 - fme_674325 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille d’hommage, Mathieu de Dombasle

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille d’hommage, Mathieu de Dombasle AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 100 €
Price : 27 €
Maximum bid : 30 €
End of the sale : 13 May 2024 20:33:20
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Médaille d’hommage, Mathieu de Dombasle
Date: 1843
Metal : copper
Diameter : 54 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Engraver VAUTHIER-GALLÉ André (1818-1899)
Weight : 80,4 g.
Edge : lisse + Main CUIVRE
Puncheon : main indicatrice (1845-1860) et CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Jolie patine marron avec une petite usure sur les hauts reliefs. Présence de coups et rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : C. J. MATHIEU DE DOMBASLE NE LE 26 FEVRIER 1777 MORT LE 27 DECEMBRE 1843 A NANCY..
Obverse description : Buste à gauche de Mathieu de Dombasle, couronne de chêne à l’exergue.

Reverse


Reverse legend : AU FONDATEUR DE ROVILLE LES AGRICULTEURS RECONNAISSANTS // D. L. C. CONCEP. VAUTELER CALLE FEC..
Reverse description : Légende circulaire, divers symboles agricoles et têtes animales (cheval et boeuf), botte de paille au centre.

Commentary


Christophe-Joseph-Alexandre Mathieu de Dombasle, couramment C.J.A. Mathieu de Dombasle ou simplement Mathieu de Dombasle, né à Nancy le 26 février 1777 et mort le 27 décembre 1843 dans la même ville, est un agronome, précurseur de l'enseignement supérieur agricole français. Surnommé par ses contemporains « le meilleur laboureur de France », il fonde une « ferme exemplaire » à Roville, qui sera bientôt imitée, et une fabrique d'instruments aratoires qui connut un réel succès.
Mathieu de Dombasle est un ancêtre de l'actrice, réalisatrice et chanteuse Arielle Dombasle..

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(02/12/1852-04/09/1870)

Proclaimed Emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris on December 2, 1852.. He married Eugénie Marie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860; the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 then the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exercised his power without sharing, controlled the press while the newspapers practiced self-censorship to avoid their suppression.. The prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, the mayors, the civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Maintaining the main principles of the revolution, the sovereignty of the people is continued thanks to the consultation by plebiscite. On the economic level, the boom is important, industrialization develops as well as credit organizations and department stores. Military prestige is increased by the Crimean War which allows France to play an international role. The attack of Orsini (January 1858) does not prevent France from intervening in Italy to make triumph the principle of nationalities and allows the attachment of Nice and Savoy by the treaty of Turin (March 1860). From 1860, the Empire moved towards more freedoms: free trade treaty with England, appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislative Body, granting of the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochinchina and encourages the digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. In Mexico, however, support for Maximilian and Austria was a failure. The 1869 elections were very bad for the regime and the opposition obtained 45% of the votes. The regime then evolved towards a parliamentary Empire by calling Émile Ollivier, leader of the Orléanist and liberal party, to power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the affair of the throne of Spain and the dispatch from Ems led to the war which was declared on July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz then Napoleon III, ill, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decline of the Empire was announced by Gambetta, then the Republic was proclaimed on September 4.. Napoleon III was then taken captive to Hesse and then left for Kent where he died in 1873..

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