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fme_447162 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille de récompense, Exposition universelle

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille de récompense, Exposition universelle XF
60.00 €(Approx. 72.60$ | 52.20£)
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Type : Médaille de récompense, Exposition universelle
Date: 1867
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : copper
Diameter : 46 mm
Engraver PONSCARME Hubert (1827-1903)
Weight : 58,85 g.
Edge : lisse + abeille CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Médaille avec de beaux reliefs mais nettoyée anciennement

Obverse


Obverse legend : NAPOLÉON III - EMPEREUR.
Obverse description : Tête laurée à gauche de Napoléon III.

Reverse


Reverse legend : EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE DE MDCCCLXVII A PARIS / RECOMPENSE // L. DE / DORLODOT / DE / MORIAME / & FILS.
Reverse description : Légende circulaire et en 5 lignes.

Commentary


Au début du XIXe siècle, Eugène-François de Dorlodot (1783–1869) en épousant Thérèse-Joseph Houyoux abandonne l’art du verre pour reprendre et développer les forges de son beau-père. Ses fils, Eugène et Léon de Dorlodot, créent la société des Aciéries de France à Isbergues, au moment où le chemin de fer se développe, constituant un véritable empire industriel. La descendance d’Eugène-François se divise en deux branches principales, celles de Floreffe-Vieusart et celle de Lausprelle (Acoz) et de France.
Citons dans la première, le chanoine Henry de Dorlodot (1855–1929) et ses travaux scientifiques sur l’origine de l’homme, et dans la seconde, Léon de Dorlodot (1837–1918), président de la Société des Aciéries de France et propriétaire d’un équipage de chasse à courre, l’un des plus célèbres de France.
cf. http://oghb.be/recueils/la-famille-de-dorlodot.

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

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