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fme_584542 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, Cour des comptes, Conseiller maître

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, Cour des comptes, Conseiller maître MS
Not available.
Item sold on our e-shop (2021)
Price : 280.00 €
Type : Médaille, Cour des comptes, Conseiller maître
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : silver
Diameter : 50,5 mm
Weight : 66,17 g.
Edge : lisse + abeille ARGENT
Puncheon : abeille ARGENT
Coments on the condition:
Cette médaille est frappée sur un flan régulier. Exemplaire ayant conservé une partie de son brillant de frappe malgré des frottements au revers. D’infimes petits chocs sur la tranche. Présence de quelques rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : COUR / DES / COMPTES / 1807-1852.
Obverse description : en 4 lignes dans une couronne végétale composée de blé, raisin, chêne, laurier.

Reverse


Reverse legend : M. RIHOUET / CONSEILLER / MAÎTRE.
Reverse description : Légende circulaire et en 2 lignes dans une couronne végétale composée de blé, feuille de vigne, chêne et laurier.

Commentary


Médaille attribuée à M. Rihouet, conseiller maître de la Cour des comptes. Il doit probablement s’agir de Jean Philippe Frédéric Rihouet (1795-1882) qui fut Aspirant le 1er février 1819, conseiller référendaire de 2ème classe le 4 mars 1827, Conseiller référendaire de 1ère classe le 21 mars 1835, membre de la commission de vérification des comptes ministériels pour 1836, 1837 et 1854, Conseiller maître le 1er décembre 1841, honoraire le 28/ février 1870. Grand officier de la Légion d’honneur
cf. https://www.ccomptes.fr/fr/biographies/rihouet-jean-philippe-frederic.

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

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