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fme_512476 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, concours général national d’agriculture, animaux reproducteurs, pour la princesse Baciocchi

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, concours général national d’agriculture, animaux reproducteurs, pour la princesse Baciocchi MS
650.00 €(Approx. 708.50$ | 539.50£)
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Type : Médaille, concours général national d’agriculture, animaux reproducteurs, pour la princesse Baciocchi
Date: 1860
Metal : silver
Diameter : 41 mm
Weight : 37,23 g.
Edge : lisse + main ARGENT
Puncheon : main indicatrice (1845-1860) et ARGENT
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Très jolie médaille avec des reflets irisées. Traces d’un léger brossage dans les champs. Très peu d’usure

Obverse


Obverse legend : NAPOLEON III - EMPEREUR.
Obverse description : Tête nue à gauche de Napoléon III, signé : BARRE F..

Reverse


Reverse legend : * MINISTÈRE DE L’AGRICULTURE DU COMMERCE ET DES TRAVAUX PUBLICS, LÉGENDE CIRCULAIRE // * CONCOURS GENE.RAL & NATIO.NAL D’AGRICULTURE - *1860* / PARIS / - / S. A. MADAME / LA PRINCESSE / BACIOCCHI / - / ANIMAUX / REPRODUC.RS.
Reverse description : Légende et inscription en 6 lignes horizontales et une ligne circulaire dans un médaillon entouré d’une couronne composite.

Commentary


Cette médaille fut remise à Son Altesse Madame la Princesse Baciocchi suite à sa participation au concours général et nationale d’agriculture de 1860.
Princesse Baciocchi, ou Napoleone Elisa Baciocchi, (1806-1869) fut nommée princesse par son oncle, Napoléon Ier, en 1808. Elle est la fille de Félix Baciocchi et d'Élisa Bonaparte, sœur de Napoléon Ier. En 1824, elle épousa le comte Filippo Camerata-Passionei di Mazzoleni dont elle eut un fils. Après la mort de son fils unique, en 1853, elle quittera la cour de Napoléon III et s’installera en Bretagne pour créer une ferme moderne. Elle sera encouragée par son cousin Napoléon III suite à sa visite en 1858 avant de recevoir cette médaille en 1860.

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

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