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fme_479054 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, Centenaire de l’empereur Napoléon Ier

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, Centenaire de l’empereur Napoléon Ier MS
120.00 €(Approx. 128.40$ | 100.80£)
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Type : Médaille, Centenaire de l’empereur Napoléon Ier
Date: 1869
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : gilt bronze
Diameter : 50,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 52,24 g.
Edge : lisse
Coments on the condition:
Bel exemplaire présentant un léger nettoyage dans les champs. Patine hétérogène
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : SOUVENIR DU CENTENAIRE DE L’EMPEREUR NAPOLEON I // *1769=1869*.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Napoléon Ier à droite.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Code Napoléon, posé un un coussin avec une légion d’honneur, un sabre et un chapeau bicorne, entre une branche de laurier et une branche de chêne ; au-dessus un aigle couronné tenant un foudre et une branche dans ses serres.

Commentary


Tranche lisse, sans aucun poinçon.
Cette médaille est intéressante, représentant un résumé des symboles de ce que laissa Napoléon Ier.
- Le Code civil des Français, appelé usuellement « Code civil » (souvent abrégé en « C. Civ. » ou « CC ») ou « Code Napoléon », regroupe les lois relatives au droit civil français, c’est-à-dire l'ensemble des règles qui déterminent le statut des personnes (livre Ier), celui des biens (livre II) et celui des relations entre les personnes privées (livres III et IV).
- L’ordre national de la Légion d’honneur est l'institution qui, sous l'égide du grand chancelier et du grand maître, est chargée de décerner la plus haute décoration honorifique française. Elle a été instituée le 19 mai 1802 par Napoléon Bonaparte. Elle récompense depuis ses origines les militaires comme les civils ayant rendu des « mérites éminents » à la Nation.
En 2016, il existe 92 000 récipiendaires toujours vivants à comparer auprès d’un million de personnes qui a reçu cette décoration depuis sa création.

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(02/12/1852-04/09/1870)

Proclaimed Emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris on December 2, 1852.. He married Eugénie Marie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860; the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 then the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exercised his power without sharing, controlled the press while the newspapers practiced self-censorship to avoid their suppression.. The prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, the mayors, the civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Maintaining the main principles of the revolution, the sovereignty of the people is continued thanks to the consultation by plebiscite. On the economic level, the boom is important, industrialization develops as well as credit organizations and department stores. Military prestige is increased by the Crimean War which allows France to play an international role. The attack of Orsini (January 1858) does not prevent France from intervening in Italy to make triumph the principle of nationalities and allows the attachment of Nice and Savoy by the treaty of Turin (March 1860). From 1860, the Empire moved towards more freedoms: free trade treaty with England, appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislative Body, granting of the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochinchina and encourages the digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. In Mexico, however, support for Maximilian and Austria was a failure. The 1869 elections were very bad for the regime and the opposition obtained 45% of the votes. The regime then evolved towards a parliamentary Empire by calling Émile Ollivier, leader of the Orléanist and liberal party, to power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the affair of the throne of Spain and the dispatch from Ems led to the war which was declared on July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz then Napoleon III, ill, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decline of the Empire was announced by Gambetta, then the Republic was proclaimed on September 4.. Napoleon III was then taken captive to Hesse and then left for Kent where he died in 1873..

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